About the Journal

Historically, the concept of national security has changed. While the first-generation war was a troop war, the development of science and technology and mass production from the Industrial Revolution changed the aspect of war into a second-generation war, which is a destructive power war. Throughout World War II, the expansion of weapons of mass destruction changed into a network war (information war) rather than a direct war through the ‘balance of fear’, rapidly expanding the number of intelligence agencies around the world.

With the end of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, the of irregular characteristics cyber warfare has transformed into the core of national security.

Also, economic security has become more important in the international community based on the market economy and free trade, and not only soft power based on this, that is, cultural security, but also non-conventional factors such as Covid-19 have recently emerged.

Meaning that the security paradigm had shifted from physical security in the past to cyber security to the era of comprehensive security.

In this uncertain situation this strategic analysis of crime, terrorism, and national security in diagnoses the era and presents the future so that insightful interpretation can be approached practically. Policies built on strategic analysis predict tomorrow’s success or failure, but go further and change our lives for the better in the distant future.

This journal is present the results of multilateral research and in-depth analysis in the fields of crime, terrorism, and national security in Asia, an internationally renowned buffer state. It also sheds light on the perspectives of Asian researchers on international issues.

Detail with a we recommend that potential authors review recent issues to determine whether their paper is appropriate to the journal.

Aims & Scope

Area 1 Comprehensive Threat
Area 2 Intelligence Service
Area 3 Strategy and Forecast

Latest Articles


  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine how the crime prevention activities of the autonomous police, centering on Suwon City, have an impact on police trust, and to suggest ways to secure the reliability of the autonomous police activities in the future. Method: In this study, 320 copies of the meaningful results obtained through the survey conducted on the citizens of Suwon were analyzed. For the analysis, the crime prevention activities of the autonomous police were set as an independent variable and trust in the police was set as a dependent variable. Results: As a result of analysis on the impact of crime prevention activities(patrol, crime prevention environment creation, order maintenance) of autonomous police on police trust, it was found that patrol and crime prevention environment creation had a significant effect, and order maintenance No significant effect was found. Conclusion: In order to actively prevent crime, it is necessary to support visible police activities, such as strengthening intensive patrols using foot patrols, motorcycles, and patrol cars, as well as supporting technical equipment for effective arrest. CCTV has a very useful value in that it can be used as an efficient means of arresting criminals by filling the public security vacuum caused by insufficient police manpower at the present time and converting data into a database. In addition, more practical equipment support should be provided by securing the police's own budget to expand the development and expansion of a customized work system tailored to the local situation and to strengthen cooperative public order such as autonomous security guards and child guards.
    Keyword:Autonomous Police, Crime Prevention Activities, Police Trust, Patrol, Crime Prevention Environment
  • Purpose: In recent years, the number of infanticide cases has been steady at around 30 per year and the number of toddler murders at around 10 per year, which are generally punishable as ordinary murder. Also Crimes against immediate family members are subject to aggravated penalties. A person(descendant) who kills a member of his or her own or his or her spouse's immediate family is guilty of subsistence murder, which is punishable by death, life imprisonment, or imprisonment for seven years or more. This is a more severe offense than ordinary murder, which is punishable by death, life imprisonment, or imprisonment for five years or more. Most survival-related violent crimes, such as injury, assault, abandonment, abuse, arrest, confinement, and intimidation, have aggravated penalties. However, under the current law, there is no provision for aggravated punishment for violent crimes against direct survivors. There is an aggravated punishment for the murder of a direct survivor by a direct descendant, but there is no aggravated punishment for the murder of a direct descendant by a direct descendant. The Korean Constitution stipulates that "no one shall be discriminated against on the basis of social status," which may violate the Equal Rights Clause of Article 11 of the Constitution. In other words, it is unconstitutional because it may constitute "discrimination based on birth". Therefore, we would like to critically examine whether the Korean criminal law should continue to provide for the offense of feticide. Method: The aggravated punishment of capital murder is one of the most controversial issues in society. In this critical review of the aggravated murder penalty, we will first look at the Constitutional Court's decision on the aggravated murder penalty. Second, we will look at the arguments in favor of and against the aggravated penalty of capital murder. Third, we will examine the current state of affairs through a comparative legal review of foreign jurisprudence on the aggravated punishment of capital murder. Fourth, the legal, moral, and religious perspectives on the aggravated punishment of capital murder will be discussed. Fifth, based on the above discussion, we will provide a direction on whether to abolish the aggravated penalty of capital murder. Results: It is recommended that the aggravated punishment for survival murder be abolished as it violates the right to equality under the Korean Constitution. Even if it is abolished, the purpose of the punishment can still be realized through judicial modification. Conclusion: In light of the meaning and legislative purpose of the provision that aggravates the crime of intentional homicide, it cannot be said that the legislative act of selecting a comparative standard, i.e., that intentional homicide is more severely punished than ordinary homicide in the Korean Penal Code, is unconstitutional. However, while the criminal laws have the same criminal offense of killing a person, there is a difference in the 'presence or absence of paternity'. The abolition of capital murder is consistent with the principle of proportionality. It would be contrary to the principle of proportionality to impose severe restrictions based on prosecutorial convenience. For these reasons, it would be a violation of the constitutional principle of equality, and even if it is not unconstitutional, it is difficult to see that it reflects constitutional values such as the principle of equality.
    Keyword:Parricide, Infanticide, Aggravated Punishment, Principle of Proportionality, Principle of Equality
  • Purpose: The purpose of eliminating gender segregation in physical fitness testing for police recruitment can be understood as twofold. In the case of a gender-neutral selection process, a police organization can eliminate gender segregation in the selection process, including the physical fitness test, in order to provide an equal opportunity for all applicants. The idea is to ensure that both men and women can take the test under the same conditions and that the best candidates are selected for police positions based on their abilities and skills. Gender-neutral job requirements. As with any industry, police work can be physically demanding. As such, it may include a gender-neutral physical fitness test to verify the ability to perform the duties of a police officer regardless of gender. This approach focuses on the abilities and skills required to do the job, and emphasizes a fair selection process that does not discriminate based on gender. Method: In order to study the physical fitness test for police recruitment without distinguishing between men and women, the following research methods were utilized. The current police physical fitness test consists of five events. The physical abilities of quickness, cardiopulmonary endurance, muscular endurance, and strength are measured through the physical fitness test, but the physical fitness test items related to the ability to respond quickly and accurately to constantly changing exercise tasks(coordination) are not included. Therefore, in order to meet various motor functions, it is necessary to refer to the Job Standards Test(JST) of the NYPD in the United States, which is composed of sports closely related to the job of a police officer, the physical fitness test of the MET Police in the United Kingdom, which is an event-type measurement method, and the Èpreuve d'exercices physiques of the French National Police. The Japanese National Police has a separate physical fitness test for new constables and a separate physical fitness test for police officers. In addition, there have been many legal cases in the West, such as the United States, regarding the advantages and disadvantages of the male and female fitness tests. This is especially true in the United Kingdom and the United States. Therefore, we conducted a comparative analysis to scientifically and rationally improve the physical fitness test standards that disadvantage female applicants. Results: The results of a gender-neutral physical fitness test for "Korean police" recruitment can be understood as follows. First, a unisex physical fitness test ensures that all applicants have an equal opportunity to participate. It evaluates the abilities and skills required to perform police work regardless of gender, and provides a fair opportunity for all applicants without discrimination. Second, as an assessment of ability and vision, physical fitness tests help to assess the physical abilities and skills required to perform police work. These tests measure a candidate's physical strength, stamina, and power to help identify the right person for the job. Third, by enhancing diversity, gender-neutral physical fitness tests contribute to greater diversity and inclusion. Police organizations can recruit people from different backgrounds and genders to reflect more diverse perspectives and experiences. Fourth, it emphasizes fairness. A unisex physical fitness test eliminates gender-based discrimination and focuses on applicants' skills and competencies. This ensures that all applicants are selected based on their abilities and helps prevent unfair treatment based on gender. These findings suggest that gender-neutral physical fitness tests for police recruitment contribute to fair and reliable talent selection and help strengthen the diversity and performance of police organizations. Conclusion: A gender-neutral fitness test for "Korean police" recruitment is an important approach to emphasize fairness and diversity. By administering a fitness test in this way, you can ensure that all applicants, including female applicants, have an equal opportunity to apply, and you can accurately assess the skills and abilities needed to perform the duties of a police officer. A gender-neutral fitness test assesses police performance regard-less of gender and helps to strengthen diversity and inclusion in police organizations. This approach contributes to eliminating gender-based discrimination and ensuring that all individuals have access to opportunities based on their abilities and capabilities. It is important to ensure fairness and provide equal opportunities for all applicants when conducting gender neutral fitness tests. It contributes to the success of the police organization and helps to identify high-caliber candidates by assessing their abilities and skills as police officers. Therefore, gender neutral physical fitness testing in police recruitment plays an important role in promoting fairness and diversity and should continue to be developed as an important approach for the future of police organizations.
    Keyword:Police Physical Fitness Test Standards, Foreign Police Physical Fitness Standards, Gender Segregated Recruitment of Police Officers, Physical Fitness and Police Work, Male and Female Physical Fitness Differences
  • Purpose: As of December 2021, there are 33,819 North Korean defectors who have entered the Republic of Korea. To support their stable settlement, the public and private sectors are implementing a settlement support policy. However, due to discrimination in South Korean society and longing for family, there is a problem of re-entry to North Korea after leaving South Korea. After analyzing the causes of re-entry into North Korea, the purpose of this study is to provide policy suggestions to block re-entry into North Korea, such as improving the resettlement support system for North Korean refugees and Strengthening the protection officer system. Method: The concept of North Korean defectors and re-entry is defined, the current status of North Korean defectors entering the country and re-entry is identified, and the causes and problems of re-entry are analyzed through case studies of re-entry. Results: In the case of North Korean defectors who have entered South Korea, despite government policy sup-port, they are experiencing difficulties in adapting due to discrimination and neglect by South Koreans, difficulties in finding a job, and longing for their families in North Korea. Some of them were found to be re-entering North Korea to meet their families in North Korea. Conclusion: Problems were derived by analyzing the causes and cases of re-entry of some North Korean defectors. Based on these problems, I would like to suggest policy implications such as improving the education system for North Korean defectors and a resettlement support system that fits the reality in order to block re-entry.
    Keyword:North Korean Defectors, Re-Entry, North Korean Families, Residential Protection, Settlement Support
  • Purpose: This paper analyzes how the US policy on Taiwan is gradually evolving from strategic ambiguity to strategic clarity. First, I would like to analyze China's Taiwan policy in terms of the core interests of the Communist Party of China. Second, I would like to specify why the US policy on Taiwan is evolving from strategic ambiguity to strategic clarity. Third, in the event of the Taiwan contingency, the security threat to the Korean Peninsula is identified and policy alternatives are proposed. Method: This paper delves into the US policy on Taiwan with the Balance of Interest theory of Randall Schweller. A neoclassical realist suggests that national foreign policy is indirect and complex and must be reinterpreted through a parameter unit of domestic factors. According to Neo-Classic realists, the parameters that affect a country's foreign policy are such as domestic interest groups and the political leader’s ideology and identity. Results: The main parameters of the US policy shift towards Taiwan from the perspectives of Neo-classical Real-ism are as follows. First, it is Biden’s identity of value diplomacy which prioritizes democracy and human rights. Second, Xi Jinping's military threats to annex Taiwan, and the pursuit of a gray zone strategy are driving factors for the US Policy shift from strategic ambiguity to strategic clarity. Third, the US policy shift to Taiwan was initiated by curbing China's rise through the control of the Indo-Pacific maritime control and global supply chain. Conclusion: The contingency in the Taiwan Strait is closely linked to security on the Korean Peninsula due to the US’ strategic flexibility. Currently, tensions between the US and China are rising in the Indo-Pacific region as the US military support for Taiwan's self-defense. The ROK should be wary of being involved in the unintended Taiwan crisis. To build a free and prosperous Indo-Pacific, strategic communication between the US and China should be strengthened while respecting the "one China" principle.
    Keyword:Neo-Classical Realism, US Foreign Policy, Value Diplomacy, Gray Zone Strategy, Taiwan Contingency

Publishing Schedule

Submission 4/30
Editorial Review 5/10
Double Blind Peer Review 5/30
Review-Form Reflection Review 6/10
Accepted 6/20
Manuscript Editing Review 6/30
Scientific Proofreading 7/30
Open & Hybrid Review 8/10
Published 8/30

♦ Issues Per Year: Annual

Organization / Board Members

Head of Editorial Organization / President

Sangsoo Lee

Korea National Defense University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

General Vice President

Ilsoo Bae

Korea Army University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Vice President

Sunggu Jo Planning and Coordination Kyungwoon University, KOR
Namseol Baek Public Relations Korean National Police University, KOR

Editor in Chief

Kwanghyun Park

KwangJu Women’s University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Executive Editor

Jina Choi

Hyupsung University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editor in Administrations

Chiyoung Lee Yongin University, KOR
Chungsik Yu Incheon Metropolitan City Social Economy Support Center, KOR
Eunjung Kim Yongin University, KOR
Eunkee Kim Paichai University, KOR
Gunwoong Yeom U1 University, KOR
Jaesung Nam Halla University, KOR
Jintea Han Dongguk University, KOR
Jungha Kim Daegu International Airport, KOR
Junghoon Ha Jungwon University, KOR
Kaeun Kim Korean National Police University, KOR
LaPrade Jennifer Missouri State University, USA
Laura Stoelers University of Malaga, USA
Lin-Lin Wang Shanghai University, China
Minseong Park Keimyung University, KOR
Raymond D. Partin University of Southern Indiana, USA
Sehwan Lee Daejeon Institute of Science and Technology, KOR
Seungjoo Lee Halla University, KOR
Sungtaek Cho Sunmoon University, KOR
Taemin Kim Kyungnam University, KOR
Taeyoung Yoon Kyungnam University, KOR
Wendy Dressler Florida International University, USA
Woongshin Park Kyungnam College of Information & Technology, KOR
Woosuk Yun Keimyung University, KOR
Youngjun Jo Sangmyung University, KOR
Youseok Lim Kunsan National University, KOR


JUN. 23 National Tax Service of Republic of Korea (493-92-00207)
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 19 International Journal of Terrorism & National Security (ISSN 2423-8376)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier Enrollment (DOI)
Google Scholar
2019 APR. 23 EBSCO
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
MAY. 15 Infobase Index
2020 NOV. 02 KCI (Korea Citation Index)

Abstracting & Indexing