About the Journal

  1. Moment is the time when a multidisciplinary journal is needed as the phenomenon of international change of mankind is occurring in a complex way.
  2. Publisher is specialized in the field of multidisciplinary science, and this journal is also an interdisciplinary journal, covering all academic fields related to regulations in all fields of research.
  3. At the core, analyzes, and provides direction to regulation issues that are being discussed internationally.
  4. Detail with interdisciplinary fields such as life, health, and culture on the regulation issues.

Aims & Scope

Area 1 Multidisciplinary
Area 2 Sociology
Area 3 Operations Research & Management Science

Open Access, Citation & Index

Area 1 KCI (Korea Citation Index)
Area 2 EBSCO
Area 3 ProQuest
Area 4 Exribris
Area 5 Google Scholar

Latest Articles


  • Purpose: The customer satisfaction strategies to improve sports center management performance are developed, and for this purpose, they are strengthening internal marketing activities for their employees. These internal marketing activities are not only related to the service quality provided to the users by the employees, but also the importance of the role of customer orientation development is being emphasized. Hence, from this point of view, the purpose of this study is to examine and understand the effect of internal marketing on the customer orientedness and market orientedness in order to present the basic data for establishing the customer oriented marketing for the sports centers. Method: In this study, as of 2022, 230 employees of sports centers in Daegu Metropolitan City were surveyed, and the convenience sampling was used for the sampling method, and the survey was conducted using the Self-Administration Method. Among the collected questionnaires, 228 questionnaires were used as the valid samples, except for the data with insincere responses or omission of some of the contents of the questionnaire. The measurement tool was a questionnaire, and the data processing was carried out by the SPSS 22.0 Program, a statistical package program, and frequency analysis, reliability verification, factor analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression were performed. Results: In this study, as a result of factor analysis and reliability verification performed, the internal marketing turned out to be education and training factor α=.894, community factor α=.870, and compensation system factor α=.825, and customer orientation was customer care factor α=.866, customer understanding factor α=.852, customer management factor α=.795. The market orientedness was shown as the market orientedness factor α=.812. Overall, internal marketing of sports centers affects the customer orientation and the market orientation. Conclusion: In this study, the internal marketing of sports center affects the customer orientedness and the market orientedness, and for the efficient management of sports center and the more stable profit generation, it is necessary to provide a customer oriented service differentiated from the sports centers competing through the internal marketing activities which reflect the needs and desires of sports center users.
    Keyword:Customer Orientedness, Market Orientedness, Sports, Sports Center, Internal Marketing
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to validate the difference in the perception of North Korean defectors by focusing on variables according to the period of service of the security police and the police’s total period of service, which can provide a high accessibility and experience based results for the North Korean defectors. Method: In this study, 100 South Korean police officers in 2020 were surveyed among the police officers of the security department who had work experiences related to the North Korean defectors, and among the trainees of the Police Human Resources Development Institute, the police institute of education in South Korea. The survey was conducted by the self-administration method, and 91 people’s questionnaires were used as valid samples, excluding the data with insincere responses or missing part of the survey information. Results: In terms of the difference in the perception of North Korean defectors according to the period of police service, the analysis demonstrated that there was a significant difference for the Q-22 question at the level of 5%. That is, it turned out that the longer the total police service period, the more the North Korean defectors had the perception to receive legal support for the purposes of visiting the police station. Furthermore, as for the difference in the perception of the North Korean defectors according to the period of the security police service, the analysis demonstrated a significant difference in the Q-24, Q-34, and Q-38 questions at the 5% level. That is, it turned out that the security police perceived the problems of the North Korean defectors to be personal safety and understanding of the South Korean society, and perceived that the average monthly economic income of the North Korean defectors is stable. Conclusion: As the conclusion of this study, while the police generally perceive the work involving the North Korean defectors as a legal support and a business processing, the longer the service period of the security police, the difference in their perception turned out such that, the more problems with the personal safety of the North Korean defectors and their understanding of the South Korean society. Furthermore, in terms of the security police who are directly in charge of he North Korean defectors, they have a common perception about the North Korean society, such as problem solving through violence, awareness of and avoidance of damages according to the compliance of law, and the justification of individual sacrifice by groups. Hence, it may be interpreted as a result of recognizing it as a result of a lack of personal protection against violent crimes and a lack of understanding of the South Korean society.
    Keyword:North Korean Defectors, Regulation, South Korean Security Police, Period of Service as Police, Perception
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to collect and analyze big data related to food tourism in Jeollanam-do. Specifically, this study analyzes what potential tourists consider food tourism in Jeollanam-do under the COVID19 regulation. It is to analyze the perception about Jeonnam as a destination for food tourism perceived by potential tourists through big data analysis. From big data analysis, this study analyzes why tourists visit Jeollanam-do for food tourism. Method: The big data collected for analysis ranged from January 1 to December 31, 2021 using the Textom and came from the “N” firm, the largest portal site in Korea. Big data was collected from blogs, cafes, and news among various channels owned by the firm using the keyword ‘Jeonnam food tourism’. Two years have been since the first case of COVID-19 infection was reported in Korea on January 20, 2020. Word pairs were selected using the N-gram, which is a number that records the number of consecutive expressions of two words in the data. Key words were visualized using word cloud analysis. Results: First, according to the frequency analysis through text mining, tourists who visit Jeollanam-do perceive Jeollanam-do as a food tourism destination. Second, in the frequency analysis using the N-gram, many words for tourism activities, tourism resources, tourism products, culture, and the like were presented in addition to food tourism in Jeollanam-do. Third, as in the frequency analysis using the N-gram and the result from word cloud, a specific region in Jeollanam-do such as Beopseongpo and a specific food such as kimchi were showed in the top search terms. Conclusion: First, those officials who are charged in public relations and tourism in Jeollanam-do should prepare environments to provide unique tourism activities linked to food tourism and should develop various tourism programs in connection with food tourism in Jeollanam-do. Second, it is necessary to provide and promote fascinating programs that can be experienced from visit to Jeonnam, such as cultural tourism activities linked with food tourism and local tourism experiences. Finally, as the capital of food tourism, numerous advertisement and promotions for Jeonnam food and effective food-related festivals and events are necessary.
    Keyword:Big Data, Food Tourism, Covid-19, Regulations, Jeonnam
  • Purpose: The purpose of this article is to compare institutional arrangements between precedent social enterprises with a focus on the change of third sector organizations. Along with this, it is also to give an implication for a latecomer that insufficiently institutionalized social enterprise from the side of precedent countries of social enterprise. Method: The article reviews the policy documents and legal data of the governments and public organizations involving the UK, the US, and South Korea as well as China by applying Krasner’s model of punctuated equilibrium that gives attention to macro, meso, and micro institutions. Chapter 2 explores the paths and types of social enterprise. Chapter 3 discusses the economic environment and regime change, the legalization and legal entity, and the support system and support measure of social enterprise. Chapter 4 discusses the comparison of the influence of multi-leveled institutions. Chapter 5 discusses an implication for a latecomer of social enterprise, China. Results: The article finds the influence of institution on social enterprise and an implication for a latecomer. First, the welfare liberal state with voluntary sector tradition forms the social enterprise as a separate legal entity as the state experiences an economic recession and low employment. Second, the welfare liberal state with non-profit sector tradition makes social enterprise a separable legal entity as the state undergoes economic recession and high employment. Third, the statism-centered state with an underdeveloped third sector forms social enterprise as an inseparable legal entity as the state goes through an economic recession and low employment. China as a latecomer puts together the cases of the precedent nations for its institution-building. Conclusion: This article concludes that the third sector development and character plays a critical role in forming social enterprise when state and market address external shock and internal conflict. Institutions tend to persist, but the social enterprise is formed as the existing third sector organization encounters an exogenous variable and is mediated by state and market.
    Keyword:Vertical Institution, Third Sector, Social Enterprise, Nonprofits, Legal Entity
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand the current status of illegal online gambling, which is rapidly spreading recently, and to suggest policy measures to prevent gambling addiction of illegal online gambling users. Illegal online gambling is easier to access than the legal gambling industry, so it tends to be converted very quickly. Therefore, there is a need for a way to actively cope with this. Method: The seriousness of illegal gambling has been an important issue until recently. In Korean society, gambling culture is spread and has an acceptable sentiment for gambling. Many people buy lottery tickets hoping to win the lottery. However, gambling based on gambling leads to gambling addiction, which poses a risk of economic loss, family destruction, and crime. Therefore, this study aims to understand the status of the Korean gambling industry and point out the problems of gambling addiction caused by gambling. In addition, I would like to look at countermeasures from various countries against illegal online gambling, which is understood to play a key role in gambling addiction. Through this, we intend to provide suggestions for preventing the spread of illegal online gambling and solving gambling problems. Results: As a result of reviewing the existing KNGCC reports and literature data on illegal gambling, it was found that gambling is increasing throughout Korean society. Koreans are expected to make a lot of money by buying lottery tickets and betting on sports every week. Unfortunately, however, many people are suffering from gambling addiction. Gambling addiction causes a number of social problems. It produces various side effects such as personal health, family dissolution, departure from work, suicide, and crime. However, policy measures focused on legal gambling do not prevent the spread of illegal gambling. Most illegal gambling serviced online has a very high addiction rate and is difficult to crack down on compared to legal gambling. Efforts such as granting KNGCC the right to investigate are required to prevent this, but it is difficult. There is also an expectation that the spread of illegal gambling can be controlled through efforts such as providing legal gambling online. However, such a decision has a difficulty that social consensus should take precedence. Conclusion: For modern people living in the Meta-bus era, the temptation of illegal online gambling is difficult to avoid. It is very difficult to eradicate illegal gambling, which is being serviced online with high accessibility in the gambling industry, which is divided into legal and illegal. In the case of Korea, it is impossible to crack down on illegal gambling sites in the absence of KNGCC's investigative power. In addition, it is also a reality that it is difficult to crack down on illegal gambling sites due to frequent changes. As a result, it is difficult to cope with the rapidly increasing illegal online gambling with policy measures based simply on deterrence policies. Therefore, this study attempted to emphasize the importance of strengthening online services for legal gambling and preventive education and gambling addiction treatment for illegal gambling.
    Keyword:Illegal Gambling, Gambling, On-Line Gambling, KNGCC(Korean National Gambling Control Commission), Prevention

Publishing Schedule

Submission 1/20 4/20 7/20 10/20
Editorial Review 1/30 4/30 7/30 10/30
Double Blind Peer Review 2/20 5/20 8/20 11/20
Review-Form Reflection Review 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
Accepted 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
Manuscript Editing Review 2/30 5/30 8/30 11/30
Scientific Proofreading <15th> <15th> <15th> <15th>
Open & Hybrid Review 3/15 6/15 9/15 12/15
Published 3/30 6/30 9/30 12/30



Sangsoo Lee

Korea National Defense University, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editorial Advisory Boards

Youngbae Kim General Affairs Sungkyul University, ROK
Chemi Kang Intelligence Samsung Electronics Co., ROK
Junghoon Ha Management Jungwon University, ROK
Youngtae 󠇛Sung Planning Keimyung University, ROK
Soyoung Lee International Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics, China

Managing Editor

Woongshin Park

Kyungnam College of Information & Technology, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editorial Review Boards

Changsoo Kim Sungkyul University, ROK
Youngsoon Kim Westminster Graduate School of Theology, ROK

Editor in Chief

Jaesung Nam

Halla University, South Korea
[Curriculum Vitae]

Executive Editors

Kwanghyun Park

Kwangju Women’s University, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Hyojin Kim

Mokpo National University, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Associate Editor Boards

Kiyoon Kim Sungkyul University, ROK
Dongwon Kim Incheon National University, ROK

Assistant Editor Boards

Greggory J. Favre University of Maryland, USA
Mohammed Ayedh Alqahtani Florida International University, USA
Artemyeva Marina University of International Business and Economics, China
Naruth Teeramungcalanon University of International Business and Economics, China
Katsuk Yabiku Ryukyus University, Japan
George Van Doorn Federation University Australia, Australia
Helen Johnston University of Hull, UK
Shakila Yacob University of Malaya, Malaysia


JUN. 23 National Tax Service of Republic of Korea (493-92-00207)
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 10 International Journal of Police and Policing (ISSN 2423-8287)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier Enrollment (DOI)
Google Scholar
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
MAY. 15 Infobase Index
2020 NOV. 02 KCI (Korea Citation Index)
2021 MAR. 30 International Journal of Police and Policing Title Alteration: Regulations (ISSN 2436-3693)
JUL. 01 Journal Publication Change Address (Republic of Korea)

Abstracting & Indexing