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  • Purpose: Given the reality where the North Korean defectors are struggling in the South Korean society matters much to the security police activities of South Korea, which manage them. Among the general characteristics of the security police, it is intended to examine and understand the differences in the perception of the North Korean defectors of the security police according to the number of employees within the police organization and their service location following the urbanization due to the South Korean economic growth. Method: As for the data processing of this study, the frequency analysis was performed to identify the general characteristics of the police officers serving at the security department among the police organizations of South Korea in 2020 by using the SPSS 23.0 program, while the Cronbach’s a coefficient was calculated by selecting 91 questions for 100 people, and the One Way ANOVA and t-Test were performed to examine and learn about the differences in the perceptions of the security police towards the North Korean defectors according to the number of employees of the police organization and their service location. Results: As a result of this study, it turned out that the perception of the North Korean defectors varied according to the number of employees of the security police organization managing the North Korean defectors. Furthermore, it turned out that there is a difference in the perception of the North Korean defectors according to the service location of the security police organization in large cities and small to medium sized cities of the security police. Conclusion: Since the North Korean defectors, who are accustomed to communism, are struggling with their adapting to the South Korean capitalist economy, it would be necessary to prepare a system which will facilitate and enable sustainable economic activities, and also build various crisis management systems in South Korea in preparations for the collapse of the North Korean regime.
    Keyword:North Korean Defectors, Security Police, Perceptions, Number of Employees, Service Locations
  • Purpose: This study examines the wave energy relationship between the chakra system and aromatherapy and explains that aromatherapy has an organic relationship as a holistic therapy of the chakra system. It is also intended to identify the possibility of use as wave medicine through the energy mechanisms of chakra and aroma. Method: For the purposes of this study, we examined the principles of the chakra system and aromatherapy and integrated literature theorem and examination to explore how the two systems interact organically with wave energy. Results: In terms of wave energy, our bodies are energy structures based on chakra and aura as energy systems in addition to physiological and chemical aspects. This energy structure is influencing and influenced by thoughts and emotions and affects the chemical structure and cells of our bodies. Human beings are alive because their vitality flows through the body, which is controlled by an energy center called chakra. Each chakra has a constant motion and resonates with aroma essential oil at a particular frequency. Most healing mechanisms involve the exchange of energy. Chakra acts as an information receiver that draws wave energy directly from the surroundings when the surrounding waves become suitable for each individual's frequency. Aroma is associated with healing applications to the human body depending on the part of extraction off a plant. Plants receive the information energy of the earth and spread it to the world, and humans receive the energy and give the energy of the sky to the earth. Conclusion: These wave energy aspects of chakra systems and aromatherapy can be expected to harmonize with physical, psychological, spiritual balance and are of sufficient value in wave medicine.
    Keyword:Aromatherapy, Chakra, Aroma, Wave Energy, Wave Medicine
  • Purpose: Given the expansion of online and contactless centric corporate activities due to COVID-19, in order to derive a systematic strategy for the Korean ICT companies' contactless manner of overseas market entry, it is intended to present the differences among strategies according to the growth stage of the ICT companies. Method: A questionnaire survey was conducted by targeting major ICT companies of Korea. Based on which, attempt has been made to verify the status of overseas market entry and the level of technological development of the major Korean ICT companies, while verifying the strategies required for the overseas market entry by each growth stage. Results: The manner of overseas market entry turned out to vary depending on each company's growth stage. Accordingly, in the survey of the difficulties during the overseas market entry, varying difficulties were experienced depending on the growth stage of the company. The ICT companies of the entry stage noted the issue of finding customers as a difficulty, and the ICT companies of the growth and maturity stages noted the “lack of trade specialists.” It was also analyzed that the awareness of government support was low, demonstrating the limitations of comprehensive government support policies. Lastly, it was analyzed that differences arose in the current status of responding to COVID-19 and the difficulties depending on the growth stage of the company. It was verified that the awareness of the government's support policy for the ICT companies was low, which was not properly utilized, thereby further confirming that a policy alternative is needed. Conclusion: Consequently, it is necessary to change the overseas market entry support policy for the ICT companies focused on the overseas base centers, which have previously been operated primarily by the suppliers, to the consumer centric, whereby the ICT companies could expand by considering the overseas market entry together from the early stage of growth.
    Keyword:ICT Company, Expansion Strategy, COVID-19, Overseas Market, Effectuation Theory
  • Purpose: In order to successfully establish a self-governing police system, police work, which has been greatly expanded compared to the past, must be effectively performed. Therefore, policy measures that can expand not only formal community governance in which local residents participate but also various informal governance should be sought from now on. Method: This study examines the need and current state of a participation system for the secure establishment and expansion of an autonomous police system, and examines policy measures to increase resident participation in Korea in the future. Results: Regarding the study results, as a policy alternative for the successful establishment of an autonomous police system, first, in order to expand the institutional mechanism for an autonomous police system led by local residents, it is considered necessary to expand their participation in the provincial autonomous police committees, and to introduce a resident recommendation system for the heads of local police departments. Second, in order to strengthen a security network based on public-private cooperation centered on local residents, the systematic operation of an autonomous crime prevention squad and the operation of a Police Development Council should be improved through the enactment of related laws. Third, it was observed that a network consultative body should be established, an advisory group for local residents should be formed, and the operation should be expanded. Conclusion: This study, ultimately, pretends to present resident-led administration as the most important value of the autonomous police system. In addition, citizens and local residents are the most important actors not only in the autonomous police system, but in all administrative functions of the state and local governments. In order to create a genuine 'policing cooperation ecosystem' that can discover the demand for public security suitable to the local characteristics through an autonomous police system and guarantee the democracy and resident-oriented nature of police activities, local governments and the police must cooperate and connect with resident-centered governance.
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the antibacterial properties of hemp fiber pillowcases, and after analyzing the superiority of the hemp fiber pillowcases before and after use and through IPA, marketing plan for hemp fiber pillowcases applying the research results would like to propose. Method: In order to achieve this objective, a corresponding sample T-test and IP matrix were prepared to investigate the difference between the antibacterial test and the functionality of bamboo fibers. Results: The research results and implications through empirical analysis are presented as follows. First, the antibacterial properties of bamboo fibers against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and pneumococcus are 99.9%, and it has been found that bamboo fiber is a material with excellent utility as a pillow cover, so it can be said that commercialization is possible. Second, as a result of the corresponding sample T-test, it was found that there were significant differences in convenience, hygiene, and fragrance in order to examine the difference in the functionality of bamboo fibers before and after use. This means that the hemp fiber pillow cover is highly hygienic with excellent single-use convenience and antibacterial properties, and the fragrance is an item that needs improvement. Therefore, for commercialization, it is necessary to further develop convenience and hygiene and to conduct research and development to control fragrance. Third, among the functional items of the bamboo fiber pillow cover by IPA, ventilation, material, cleanliness, convenience, feel, hygiene, and dryness showed high satisfaction, and fragrance was found to be an item that needs improvement. Therefore, bamboo fiber is used as a pillow cover, and it can be said that it is a very suitable material in terms of antibacterial properties and functionality. Conclusion: Therefore, bamboo fiber is used as a pillow cover, and it can be said that it is a very suitable material in terms of antibacterial properties and functionality.
  • Purpose: Since lethargic people express a belief that they are unable to control themselves over some issues and matters, their passivity further elevates, their expectations and motivation for the future fall, and their capacity for performance diminishes. Therefore, it may be viewed that collective art therapy could change negative perceptions and behaviors by conducting group interaction and successful experiences in the process of art therapy. This paper seeks to specifically verify the impact on the learned lethargy formed via repeated failures by utilizing the collective art therapy, which is found to be very useful among the various techniques of treatment which might help address internal issues. Method: Uncover the factors of the learned lethargy through references, organizes the concepts, characteristics, and the basic aspects of the factors, and articulate and specify the negative impact on the learned lethargy in detail. Results: The collective art therapy assists one to address issues via deep insights to one’s inner self, encourages one to enhance one’s self-esteem by having a positive self-image, and through interactions by and among the members of group, the process of self-discovery largely contributes to improving one’s self-esteem. It was discovered that, by conducting the collective art therapy, group interactions and successful experiences of the art therapy not only change the negative cognitions and behaviors, but also help achieve a proactive attitude, which is a departure from a depressive behavior studies and a passive attitude. Conclusion: It was discovered that being tamed for the learned lethargy causes a negative impact across various areas and negative emotions including depression and anxiety. Therefore, through this study, the collective art therapy programs will need to proactively endeavor to ensure that the collective art therapy program delivers a sense of achievement for human growth, convert negative motivations into positive motivations, and that the program is used even more diversely for addressing practical issues.
    Keyword:Art Therapy, Learned Lethargy, Group Counseling, Self-Esteem, Success Experiences
  • Purpose: A sports agent is continuously developing based on the growth potential thanks to the expansion of the professional sports market, introduction of the free agent system, and the development of mass media across the sports service industry among the modern sports industries. Athletes increasingly need a negotiations expert equipped with professional knowledge and insights related to the sports, contracts, and the economic issues. Therefore, this study is meaningful in that is examines the effect of the sport agent’s perception caused by the sports agent regulations of college students concerning the sports agents capable of providing significant assistance for the college students’ job placement and startup on the expected role and expected job satisfaction, while presenting a future direction for the sports agent’s role and the sports agent fostering institutions’ educational programs. Method: In this study, by having college students as the group as of 2021, the sampling method targeted 380 people by the convenience sampling, and the survey was conducted by using the self-administration method. and 369 questionnaires were used as valid samples, excluding the data in which some of the survey contents were omitted. The data processing for this study was conducted by the frequency analysis, Cronbach's α coefficient calculation, factor analysis, and the correlation analysis by using SPSS 25.0 Program, which is a statistical package program. The multiple regression was used. Results: First, as a result of performing the factor analysis and the reliability analysis, the sports agent’s perception consisted of the 3 factors of the recognition factor(α=.752), necessity factor(α=.860), and the expectation factor(α=.831). The factors for the expected role were consisted of the 3 factors of the management factor(α=.862), organizational management factor(α=.746), and the financial management factor(α=.697). The expected job satisfaction was consisted of the 1 factor of the expected job satisfaction(α=.845). Second, as a result of performing the correlation analysis, it was discovered that there exists a relationship between all of the factors. Third, in terms of the effect of the sports agent's perception on the expected role and the expected job satisfaction, awareness, necessity, and expectation of the sports agent's perception influence the goal management, organizational management, and the financial management of the expected role, while the awareness and the necessity of the sports agent's perception and the expectation influence the expected job satisfaction of the expected job satisfaction. The target management of the expected role, organizational management, and the financial management turned out to have an effect on the expected job satisfaction of the expected job satisfaction. Conclusion: The sports agent's perception turned out to have a significant effect on the expected role and the expected job satisfaction. Therefore, the development and implementation of the educational programs related to the launch of a curriculum for fostering the sports agents at colleges and universities, and the theoretical knowledge and field practice for the sports agents to have need to be explored. Along with the improvement of the ability and skills, the students who wish to become sports agents also need to make continuous efforts to improve their foreign language skills and understand laws and regulations to develop their qualifications, and in particular, it is also important for them to have and grow a mindset and attitude for building interpersonal relationship and trust.
    Keyword:Sports Agent, Regulations, Perception, Expected Role, Job Satisfaction