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  • Purpose: As rallies inevitably have a direct impact on social order as a collective freedom of expression, the need for autonomy inherent in basic rights and the need for batting average regulation to maintain social order need to be harmonized with each other. Method: To Study the judicial discussion and improvement of the police line in rellies and demonstrations Results: If a rally, demonstration group, or individual intentionally staged violent demonstrations to carry out their demands and claims by any means, collide with the police, and as a result, the public fully bears the social costs of violent protests, it will only undermine the nation's external image with huge economic losses. Conclusion: For the police responsible for the order of well-being of the nation and the people, strict legal action and concrete countermeasures are required against illegal and violent rallies and demonstrations that turn violent beyond their original intentions, and it is time to review judicial discussions and improvement tasks on the police line.
    Keyword:Police Line, Gathering, Protests, Freedom of Assembly, Control of Assembly Demonstration
  • Purpose: The mining industry is a highly risky field where risk factors impact each other much. Mining is the leading branch of the economy of Mongolia. Rural areas in Mongolia isn't well developed and the country's population is not crowded mining industry is so risky. And also the risk factors in the Mongolian mining field are highly impacted by each other made me study a detailed and staged method of risk management. Method: To define mining risk factors we studied the classifications of international experts and made a survey among the mining specialists of Mongolia. Then we defined the risks into 8 factors and 31 subfactors. By the survey research, the logical principle of impact factors was defined. After that, we made a systematic analysis of the dependence between the impact factors and their impacting levels. As the result, we found out a staged design of risk analysis. Results: The result of the Risk Matrix risk analysis showed that the central region mines in Mongolia have a high-risk level and they need a detailed risk assessment. While the WSM analysis result says that most mines have got high management risk, DEMATEL analysis results mines have high risks in subfactors such Organizational structure adaptation, Human error failure. Conclusion: The research result shows that this comprehensive risk method is suitable for making detailed risk analysis in companies liable to high risk and has many influencing impacted risk factors. In this paper, we offered a comprehensive risk analysis method and it was also tested to analyze common risks in Mongolian Central Region Coal Mines. The results of applying the proposed method in a real case study demonstrate that it can effectively handle risk assessment when implementing risk analysis in a Mining organization.
    Keyword:Field Action Manual, Manual Operation Key, Mission, Decision, Disaster Site Information
  • Purpose: The recent correctional administration emphasizes not only aspects of detention-security focused on the execution of prisoners in the past but also the rehabilitation ideology through personality education. A correctional officer who must pursue these two conflicting ideologies at the same time has no choice but to feel a role conflict. Therefore, the focus of this study is to examine role conflicts based on the contradictory role expectations of “punishment ideology” and “rehabilitation ideology” required of correctional officers from the perspective of role conflicts. Method: This study is based on a survey that targeted 431 current correctional officers and the collected questionaries were analyzed by the statistics program of SPSS 22.0. For specific research methods, factor analysis, reliability analysis and correlation analysis were conducted to verify the reliability and validity of each variable. In addition, ANOVA analysis was conducted for the purpose of proving the research hypothesis to verify the differences in the correctional concepts and role conflicts by the socio-demographic characteristics of correctional officers and the differences in role conflicts according to the correctional orientation. Results: Although the punishment orientation of correctional officers differed depending on age, period of service and first department of work, the rehabilitation orientation differed only in the first department of work, this means that the first department of work was the only common link reinforcing either a punishment and rehabilitation ideology. Also, the more the punishment ideology was followed, the greater the chance that role conflict could be experienced. However, there are no difference in role conflicts according to the socio-demographic characteristics, such as gender, age, period of service, current and first department of work. Conclusion: In order to further examine role conflicts of correctional officers, various approaches such as in-depth interviews and panel research will be required. It is also necessary to study various forms of organizational culture to reduce the role conflicts of correctional officers and to efficiently accept contradictory ideologies of punishment and rehabilitation simultaneously.
    Keyword:Correctional Officer, Ideology of Korean Correctional Service, Punishment Ideology, Rehabilitation Ideology, Role Conflict
  • Purpose: In this study, the perception toward leaders' followership by gender and age was analyzed for police officers working at the security police organization, which are recognized as the most closed police organization among young or female police officers. And through this, we would like to discuss policy measures to create a security police organization with a new followership culture in line with the changing security environment. Method: In this study, 100 police officers working for the security police organization with experience in handling North Korean defector affairs were surveyed via self-administration method to analyze their perception toward leaders' followership according to gender and age. Results: According to the analysis, male security police officers are more positive about their leaders' followership than female police officers for most of the questions that have been statistically significant in terms of gender. And in terms of age, most of the questions are considered to be more positive among older people, while among those who are in their 20s, there is a relatively high level of negative perception. When it comes to gender and age connections, men in their 50s and women in their 30s have the most positive attitude toward their leaders. Conclusion: In conclusion, the culture inside the security police organization should improve so that it can actively accept female security police officers, who account for only 4.6% of the total police force, including external affairs police officers, and thus turn it into a security police organization where female police officers can fully demonstrate their potential and creativity. Second, in order to be reformed as a new security police organization in response to the rapidly changing security environment, a developmental organizational culture of the security police organization should be created, expanding the number of young security police officers, drawing fresh ideas from them and making themselves leaders.
    Keyword:Security Police, Police Officers, Gender, Age, Followership
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify factors affecting police satisfaction. There are four models explaining police satisfaction. Demographic model, quality of life model, police contact model, and a community context model exist. These models are important explanatory models that predict police satisfaction. There four models are used to predict police satisfaction in this study. Method: The data used in this study was obtained from 924 citizens living in Daegu, Korea. The survey was conducted on adults aged 18 and older. Participants in the survey were informed of the purpose of the survey and agreed. The collected survey was analyzed using the SPSS. The statistical techniques were descriptive statistics, T-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple regression. Results: According to the study, among the four explanatory models, the community context model had the highest ability to explain. Police satisfaction was higher for those who responded to be positive about community, live closely with residents, and intervene in local problems. In addition, the more police officers witness deviations, the less satisfied they are, and the more they are required to train police officers in their behavior. Finally, physical disorder of the community was also shown to predict police satisfaction. Conclusion: The most important conclusion in this study is that the context of the community and the behavior of the police officer have a very important effect on police satisfaction by citizens. Therefore, the police should consider the role they can play to strengthen community social cohesion and informal social control. It will also be necessary to learn the importance of each police officer’s right behavior.
    Keyword:Police Satisfaction, Social Cohesion, Informal Social Control, Police Deviance, Police Contact
  • Purpose: Recently Safety Promotion Policies and Programs at the local government level have been spreading around the world. However, In order for these policies to work, objective analysis of factors that threaten the safety of local residents, such as the scale of injuries caused by internal and external factors, should be preceded, and the resident participatory safety promotion program based on them should be expanded. Method: This study looked at the safety status of Gangwon-do through various safety indicators, including the regional safety index and death from injuries, and based on this, contemplated policy measures to secure safety and reduce the risk of injuries in Gangwon-do in the future. Results: Analysis of the regional safety index showed that Gangwon-do was vulnerable in the areas of safety in daily life, suicide, and infectious diseases. In addition, an analysis of the current status of deaths from injuries showed that intentional self-harm, transport accidents, and falls were the man risk factors. Conclusion: To enhance safety and reduce deaths from injuries in Gangwon-do. first, the damage monitoring system at the province level should be operated to produce injury indicators, and second, an integrated safety network and disaster response center involving all related agencies should be established. Third, participation of residents, and fourth, supports programs for the vulnerable in the community should be expanded.
    Keyword:Gangwon-Do Province, Safety, Iinjury, Injury Mortality, Regional Safety Index