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Research on the Difficulty of 9th Level Dan Promotion Test of Taekwondo

Vol.7 (No.1) 2022
Author
admin
Date
2022-03-30 11:18
Views
88

Abstract


Purpose: This study aims to analyze the essential Poomsae difficulty of Taekwondo 9th level Dan promotion test with the awareness of the problem. This will help standardize the Taekwondo curriculum in order to meet the Taekwondo education goals pursued by the Kukkiwon, the headquarters of the World Taekwondo.

Method: The literature research and in-depth interviews with people to be tested were performed to analyze the difficulty of essential Poomsae of Taekwondo 9th Dan promotion test.

Results: As a result of questioning and analyzing the level of difficulty of the 9th level Dan promotion winner, it was concluded that the level of difficulty of Illyo Poomsae of the 9th level Dan promotion test is not appropriate.Courses to be completed for Color and Black Belts must comply with the completion time of the essential course and the selection course. Basic courses for Black Belt (Poomsae, breaking, sparring, and KTA personality) must be completed as mandatory courses, and in-depth courses (KTA self-defence techniques, KTA practical hand skills, and KTA core exercises) must be assigned.

Conclusion: It is thought that Taekwondo 9th level Dan, the highest stage of the competition held at the Kukkiwon of the World Taekwondo Headquarters, should be educated to learn, guide, and evaluate Taekwondo according to the standard curriculum. However, the standardized Taekwondo curriculum should be distributed in consideration of the current Taekwondo training population, where the standardized Taekwondo curriculum has not been established. Taekwondo leaders will contribute to the educational use of Taekwondo by analyzing the essential Poomsae and curriculum of Taekwondo 9th level Dan promotion test and presenting the evaluation rules based on the Taekwondo standard curriculum.

Keyword:Taekwondo, Taekwondo Promotion Test, Poomsae, Kukkiwon, Grand Masters
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide the basic data for technical performance by analyzing and presenting the differences in major kinematic factors in the jumping phase, flight phase, and finally striking phase for national team and non-national team male demonstration members. Method: As for the subjects of this study, 6 members of the national team and 6 members of the non-national team who had more than 3 years of demonstration experience were selected and tested. Before entering the experiment, a consent was secured from each subject, the experimental procedure was explained, and kinematic data were collected by using 14 high-speed digital cameras. For the statistical processing of this study, the mean and standard deviation (M±SD) were calculated by using Excel 2018, and the statistical program (SPSS 22.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA) was used to verify the difference in kinematic variables of dwigongjungdorachagi motion. The Shapiro-Wilk verification was conducted to confirm the normality of the collected data, and according to the results, an independent sample test (independent t-test), test (Mann-Whitney U-test), and the correlation analysis were performed. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in P3 (p<.05) of the required time phase. There was a statistically significant difference in E4 (p<.05) of the (Z) movement displacements. There was a statistically significant difference in the right E4 (p<.05) of the right ankle joint angle. The correlation coefficient between the body center’s displacement and flight time showed a high correlation and showed a statistically significant difference (r=.953, P=.001). The correlation coefficient between the angular velocity and the body center’s displacement showed a high correlation and showed a statistically significant difference (r=.809, p=.001). The correlation coefficient between the angular velocity and flight time showed a high correlation and a statistically significant difference (r=.809, p=.001). Conclusion: As a result of the experiment, the swing speed of the arm and the angle of the knee joint before jumping during dwigongjungdorachagi provided a great force to project the human body into the air and also had the effect of increasing vertical ascent. Hence, it is apparent that the coordination of movements is a very important factor.
    Keyword:Dwigongjungdorachagi, Center of Mass, Time Required, Angle, Velocity
  • Purpose: This study aims to analyze the essential Poomsae difficulty of Taekwondo 9th level Dan promotion test with the awareness of the problem. This will help standardize the Taekwondo curriculum in order to meet the Taekwondo education goals pursued by the Kukkiwon, the headquarters of the World Taekwondo. Method: The literature research and in-depth interviews with people to be tested were performed to analyze the difficulty of essential Poomsae of Taekwondo 9th Dan promotion test. Results: As a result of questioning and analyzing the level of difficulty of the 9th level Dan promotion winner, it was concluded that the level of difficulty of Illyo Poomsae of the 9th level Dan promotion test is not appropriate.Courses to be completed for Color and Black Belts must comply with the completion time of the essential course and the selection course. Basic courses for Black Belt (Poomsae, breaking, sparring, and KTA personality) must be completed as mandatory courses, and in-depth courses (KTA self-defence techniques, KTA practical hand skills, and KTA core exercises) must be assigned. Conclusion: It is thought that Taekwondo 9th level Dan, the highest stage of the competition held at the Kukkiwon of the World Taekwondo Headquarters, should be educated to learn, guide, and evaluate Taekwondo according to the standard curriculum. However, the standardized Taekwondo curriculum should be distributed in consideration of the current Taekwondo training population, where the standardized Taekwondo curriculum has not been established. Taekwondo leaders will contribute to the educational use of Taekwondo by analyzing the essential Poomsae and curriculum of Taekwondo 9th level Dan promotion test and presenting the evaluation rules based on the Taekwondo standard curriculum.
    Keyword:Taekwondo, Taekwondo Promotion Test, Poomsae, Kukkiwon, Grand Masters
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine and understand the influence of the Taekwondo leaders' view of education on the emotional reaction and educational impact of the practitioners, and provide the basic data for developing an educational program for the practical education of Taekwondo and the efficient management of Taekwondo. Method: In this study, 230 Taekwondo studio practitioners were surveyed in 2021 and the convenience sampling was used for the sampling method, while the survey was conducted by using the Self-Administration Method. Among the collected questionnaires, 218 questionnaires were used as the valid samples, excluding the data with insincere responses or omission of some of the details of the survey. The measurement tool is a questionnaire, and the data processing is the SPSS 23.0 Program, a statistical package program, and the frequency analysis, reliability verification, factor analysis, correlation analysis, and the multiple regression were used. Results: In this study, as a result of the factor analysis and reliability verification performed, view of education was classified into liberal factors (α=.947) and conservative factors (.856), and emotional reaction was classified into positive factors (α=.943) and negative factors ( α=.892), while educational impact was classified into physical factors (α=.953) and emotional factors (α=.968). Furthermore, the effect of view of education on the emotional reaction and educational impact is such that view of education (liberal factor and conservative factor) influences the emotional reaction (positive factor and negative factor), and the view of education (liberal factor and conservative factor) influences the educational impact (physical factor and emotional factor), while the emotional reaction (positive factors, negative factors) influences the educational impact (physical factor and emotional factor). Conclusion: The conclusion obtained from undergoing the research process is that the Taekwondo leader's view of education influences the emotional reaction and educational impact of practitioners, and the Taekwondo leaders would need to have the correct view of education and the view of education reflective of the current trend and the needs and desires of practitioners, and based on which, they ought to strive not only to increase the positive emotions and decrease the negative emotions, but also improve the physical and emotional health of the practitioners.
    Keyword:Taekwondo, Practitioners, Leader’s View of Education, Emotional Reaction, Educational Impact
  • Purpose: Martial arts can be related to the scientificization of the sporting process in the case of the body and the scientificization of the mind in the case of the mind, considering the two major flows of training the body and mind. Method: Scientificization related to physical training can promote future-oriented sports science with activation of convergence based on existing sports science, and cultivation of the mind can suggest scientificization to pursue new areas of philosophical thinking and the spiritual world. Therefore, based on the holistic training for the training of body and mind, it is made up of an academic approach for comprehensive scientificization. In the course of attempts for academic development and social contribution, various fields of science are promoting field-oriented basic guidelines, systematic review, high-level technology and qualitative evaluation, along with efforts to find evidence-based principles. Results: Martial arts activities are carried out in the form of sports activities, promoting optimization and maximization of physical fitness and technical factors, and are based on related physiology, nutrition, epidemiology, psychology, sociology, motor control and learning. In addition, the academic approach of sports science, including the physical conditioning and training theory of athletes, and industrial and environmental engineering related to efficient facilities, equipment, implement, and environment, will be the main content. Conclusion: The scientific approach for the future-oriented activation of martial arts requires the establishment of an intensive scientific support system for concrete scientificization in terms of the practical value and utilization of martial arts activities based on the establishment of academic identity. In addition, for the science of martial arts, it is necessary to promote advanced convergence science, globalization centered on trends and popularity in Korea, systematic nurturing of research personnel related to martial arts sports, establishment of a cluster of martial arts sports-related infrastructure, and popularization and industrialization of martial arts sports.
    Keyword:Martial Arts, Scientific Development, Academic Development, Body, Mind
  • Purpose: In this study, we analyze the influence of leadership of a leader on sports attitude and perceived competitiveness in taekwondo athletes, and provide a practical basis for changing the physical and emotional attitudes of athletes and improving their competitiveness. Attempts to provide materials. Method: In 2021, the Korean Taekwondo Association was registered as a player registration, and while participating in the 51st Korean Taekwondo Association Long-term Group Opposition Taekwondo Tournament, players enrolled in high school were selected as recruitment teams and an online questionnaire was distributed. Finally, a total of 232 copies of materials were used. As for the data processing method, frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed using Excel 2016 and SPSS 21.0, and the following conclusions were drawn based on the results. Results: First, among the leadership types of taekwondo competition leaders, servant leadership had a positive impact on sports attitude (physical) factors. Second, of the types of leadership of taekwondo athletes, transformative leadership has had a positive impact on sporting attitude (emotional) factors. Third, the leadership of taekwondo athletic leaders (transformative, servant) had a positive impact on the perceived competitiveness factors. Fourth, the sports attitude (physical and emotional) factors of taekwondo athletes had a positive effect on the perceived competitiveness factors. Conclusion: Based on the restrictions of this research, I would like to present the direction to the next research as follows. First, since this study was conducted on athletes in the details of taekwondo, it is somewhat difficult to generalize to all taekwondo people. Therefore, in subsequent studies, it will be judged to be more diverse if the results are derived not only from the competition but also from the birds, demonstrations, and the leadership of the defeat leader. Secondly, while this study is registered as an athlete of the Korea Taekwondo Association, it is somewhat difficult to represent all athletes because the population is composed of high school athletes. Therefore, in the subsequent research, it is judged that various results will be obtained if the athletes in the field of physical education who are not registered as athletes and the athletes who retired and belong to the university or elementary school are included in the research.
    Keyword:Taekwondo, Leadership, Sports Attitude, Perceived Performance, Impact
  • Purpose: This study is meaningful in analyzing in detail how the self-management of demonstration members of college Taekwondo demonstration events affects their stress and performance. In addition, this is to provide basic data for follow-up studies that help improve performance and prescribe for exercise stress based on thorough self-management of Taekwondo demonstration team members. Method: For this study, a survey was conducted on college Taekwondo demonstration members for about 4 months. The purpose and intent of the study were fully explained to the coaches of each team, and consent was sought. This researcher and research assistant visited the training site of Taekwondo demonstration teams and conducted a survey. A survey was conducted after explaining the preparation method, purpose, and intent of the study to the participants who voluntarily participated in this study. Results: As a result of a regression analysis on the effect of self-management of college Taekwondo demonstration members on performance, it was found that body management, interpersonal management, training management, and mental management, which are sub-Factor s of self-management, were not statistically significant. In addition, the regression model shows a value of F from p<.001 to .325 and R²=.012 for the regression equation, showing 1.2% explanatory power of the total variance . Conclusion: As a result of examining the relationship between exercise stress and self-management of members of the college Taekwondo demonstration team, it was found that mental management had an effect on unfair behavior among sub-Factor s of exercise stress. For time constraints, physical and mental management had an effect. It was found that mental management had an effect on functional discontent and career concern. Second, it was found that all Factor s did not affect the effect of self-management of college Taekwondo demonstration members on performance. Third, it was found that all Factor s did not affect the effect of the exercise stress of college Taekwondo demonstration members on their performance.
    Keyword:Taekwondo, Breaking, Self-Management, Stress, Performance
  • Purpose: The virtues acquired based on the experience of Judo subject as practical personality self-reflection and martial arts should be practiced in their lives by developing them as personality competence. In other words, the purpose of this study is to form personality values through Judo, such as detailed lecture teaching plan and learning education plan, on the personality view of Judo subject as practical personality self-reflection and martial arts. Method: This study was to obtain the amount and quality of lectures and research in the field of education through the study of teaching method innovation of Judo subject as practical personality self-reflection and martial arts. In addition, a learning model for communicating with students was presented and a better teaching method was presented. Furthermore, it will proceed to improve the learner's ability such as critical thinking ability, communication ability, interactive communication, cooperation ability, and creativity of the study according to the teaching method innovation of Judo subject as practical personality self-reflection and martial arts. Results: The advantage of action learning class was that it not only Judo participated in the class through the presentation of discussion and Judo practice but also improved the ability of the students to observe, discover and control their cognitive process from a higher level of perspective. In addition, it is a learning method that is essential for the fourth industrial era because it can improve the ability such as critical thinking ability, communication ability, cooperation ability, and creativity as practical personality education. Conclusion: Personality Classroom As a natural self-reflection and martial arts, various topics such as methods and models for Judo class operation and teaching method innovation methodology, or media production were possible. In other words, there should be a teaching method and a learning model according to the amount and quality of lectures and research in the educational field through the teaching method research method. In addition, it is necessary to plan the class operation that can participate and worry on its own so that learners can motivate, and to have learning programs such as Judo's curriculum as a practical personality self-reflection and martial arts of the learning model, design of learner, learning development, utilization of learners, management of learners and evaluation of learners.
    Keyword:Practical Personality, Judo, Teaching Method, Self-Reflection, Learning Education Program
  • Purpose: The growing number of youth Taekwondo practitioners gives them the opportunity to live a mentally and physically healthy life by learning not only the techniques of Taekwondo, but also the theory and the mind. The goal of this study is to look into ways to expand and revitalize the youth Taekwondo training population, as well as to provide basic data. Method: The electronic literature platform search was used for the research method and data collection method used to achieve the purpose of this study. After reconfirming the title and summary of each literature, the literature judged to be highly relevant to this study was finally chosen, and its validity as data was verified using triangulation with a peer expert group. Results: To revitalize youth Taekwondo, a year must be set aside to actively and extensively promote "interesting and fun Taekwondo" for youth, educate leaders about current youth popular culture, develop instructional methods, and hold Taekwondo competitions. Various competitions are held in accordance with the sports policy, including group exhibitions for underprivileged youth and women's group competitions, so it should be reviewed on a long-term basis in accordance with the understanding of sociality and the flow of popular culture. ‘Forgery’ is the conduct of fabricating non-existing data or research outcome and recording or reporting them as true and existing. Conclusion: It is critical to continue to focus on the vitalization of youth Taekwondo, and understanding and accepting youth popular culture will aid in revitalizing youth Taekwondo. It is interpreted as a problem of acceptance and convergence, and it is thought that efforts should be made to support it, develop a Taekwondo training program, and nurture professional leaders, according to the flow of popular culture.
    Keyword:Youth, Taekwondo, Sports, Pop Culture, Activation
  • Purpose: This study aims to prepare academic foundations and evidence for judo and explore changes in judo technique use according to middle school, high school, and college judo athletes' winning experience and experience of being selected as representative athletes. Method: In order to achieve the purpose of this study, frequency analysis was conducted to identify the general characteristics of the study subjects, and Cronbach's α coefficient was calculated to obtain the reliability value of the survey. In addition, t-test and One Way ANOVA were conducted to find out the difference in defense techniques according to the player's gender and grade. Results: As a result of the study, there was no difference in gender in judo defense techniques, and there was a significant difference in hand technique, hip technique, foot technique, and defense technique according to the player's grade. Conclusion: As a result of this study, considering the difference in judo defense technique according to grade, hand technique and hip technique are evenly distributed in grade, and in the case of foot technique, the higher the grade, the difference in perception of defense technique appeared.
    Keyword:Judo, Defense Techniques, Age, Grade, Utilization Analysis
  • Purpose: The public's perception of the KTA Power Taekwondo Premium League is examined and understood by using the big data analysis techniques to identify status of spectators type Taekwondo Method: text mining, sentimental analysis, and the semantic network analysis were performed to examine and understand the public's perception of the KTA Power Taekwondo League, which is undergoing promotion and operated to enhance the interest of Taekwondo games by using the big data analysis related techniques. Results: First, the Korea Taekwondo Association, which is the supervising organization of the KTA Power Taekwondo League, demonstrated the largest frequency and was derived as a primary keyword. Second, as a result of the sentimental analysis performed, the positive ratio(63.37%) turned out to be higher than the negative ratio(36.63%). Third, as a result of the semantic network analysis performed, it was verified that the keywords of the Korea Taekwondo Association, game, holding, power, competition, method, and Protector and scoring system were located at the center of the network and formed a discourse. Firth, as a result of the CONCOR analysis performed, ‘KTA Power Taekwondo demonstration,’ ‘competition holding 1,’ ‘competition holding 2,’ and ‘promotion of spectator type competition’ were formed into groups. This suggests that the interest and demand for the promotion and holding of the KTA Power Conclusion: In this study, the public's perception of the KTA Power Taekwondo Premium League is examined by using the big data analysis techniques. That is sought to provide the basic data on how to improve the Taekwondo competition method to increase the interest in Taekwondo.
    Keyword:Big Data, Text Mining, Sentiment Analysis, CONCOR Analysis, Taekwondo