All Articles

  • Purpose: Sport Tourism is a driving force for sustainable economic development of tourism destinations. The Winter Olympic Games is a catalyst for this momentum. In order to clearly sort out the impacts of the Winter Olympic Games on sport tourism of the host city, this paper employed a systematic review. This study allowed to provide some enlightenment for the development of sport tourism in the host cities of the Winter Olympic Games in the future, and proposed the corresponding reference for the continued research in this field. Method: This paper adopted systematic review, more rigorous than the traditional literature review, to explore the impacts of the Winter Olympic Games on sport tourism in host cities. Through the literature search of selected data, 369 articles in English language was retrieved and finally narrowed down to 17 articles according to the set research criteria. The information extracted from the remaining articles was used to present the types of impacts the Winter Olympics have had on sport tourism in host cities and in how it impacted. Results: Through the review and summary of the literature, current Winter Olympic Games had both positive and negative impacts on sport tourism in host cities. According to its specific manifestation, this paper classified the impact factors. Positive impacts could be summarized into three parts: improving sport tourism revenue, improving city image and promoting urban reform. Negative impacts were mainly reflected in two aspects: the excessive cost leads to excessive burden and the unsatisfied sustainable development sustainable development. Conclusions: This paper clearly stressed that the Winter Olympic Games had both positive and negative impacts on the development of sport tourism in host cities, and further analyzed the aspects in which these impacts are found. Based on research results, it proposed the enlightenment on the development planning and ecological environment in order to ensure the sustainable development of sport tourism for the upcoming Beijing Olympic Games. It is a pity that there were still some limitations in the research scope and methods, and it hoped that they can be solved in the following research.
    Keyword:Winter Olympic Games, Sport Tourism, Sustainable Development, Economic Impact, Systematic Reviews
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to find out how each factor of the health Qigong training fun variable of elderly females has a structural relationship to the resilience variable. Recent studies showing that among the health promotion behaviors of the elderly, participation and activation of sports activities are the most effective as an alternative to active health intervention in order to increase health life, have highlighted the importance of physical activity in old age. Method: In order to analyze the relationship between the health Qigong training fun and resilience of elderly women, a total of 140 questionnaires were conducted as final analysis data. Specifically, first, correlation analysis was conducted to analyze the intensity and direction between the fun variable and the resilience variable. Second, multiple Regression Analysis was conducted to analyze the relationship between the independent variable, fun, and the dependent variable, resilience. All statistical levels were verified at p<.05. Results: As a result of the first study, the five sub-factors of the fun variable were found to be statistically significant in both the resilience sub-factor and the causal relationship. Second, it was analyzed that the sub-factors of the fun variable had an influence at the statistical significance level in the overall relationship with the resilience variable. In the standardization coefficient representing the relative contribution of the independent variable, interpersonal relations, family support, and learning relations were in the order. Conclusion: This study clarifies that the fun factors of Health Qigong performed by elderly women have a significant relationship with self-regulation ability, interpersonal relationship ability, and positivity in the life of old age. These results confirmed that oriental Qigong is a scientifically appropriate program as an elderly health program, and acts as an effective mechanism to maintain and restore the mental and physical health of the elderly women, and further improve them
    Keyword:Fun, Elderly Women, Health Qigong, Resilience, Old Life
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the effect of an application of a short-term functional training for 120 minutes a day, twice a week, for five weeks, and for total 10 times, targeting a male elite Judo Athlete attached to Daegu. Method: A functional fraining program in this study consisted of 8 types of fynamic stabilization, 9 types of cardiopulmonary endurance and muscular endurance, and 12 types of functional training focusing on muscle power considering judo game situation. The intensity of exercise varied according to the training session (HRR 80% - 100%), and total consumed exercise calories per one time were applied to be consumed 800-1000cal with apple watch. Results: After organizing and applying the functional training program optimized to the participant on this study, body composition, basic physical strength, aerobic exercise capacity, anaerobic exercise capacity and isokinetic muscle function of the knee joint and waist were measured. As a result, most of the measured list brought a positive change after applying the functional training. Conclusion: After all the results above, optimized training program plan and application, considering the features of judo itself, of the build or physical strength of the athletes participating the game, are thought to be fully considered to improve the performance of the judo athletes, although intensive training, intensive training frequency and intensive quantity of training for elite judo athletes are significant.
    Keyword:Judo Athlete, Functional Training, Aerobic Exercise Capacity, Anaerobic Exercise Capacity, Isokinetic Muscle Function
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a Community Based Group Validation Therapy developed to promote behavioral and emotional outcomes in community-dwelling dementia patients in Korea. Method: A multi-center nonequivalent control group pretest-post test design was used to measure the effect of the program on the mental and behavioral symptoms of dementia patients. Twenty-four individuals participated in a Validation Therapy program for 10 weeks, attending 10 sessions of approximately 50 minutes each. The effects were evaluated through pre-and posttest tests that examined the level of depression, emotional status, behavioral problems, and cognitive function. Independent t tests and repeated measures analysis of variance were used to examine the effectiveness of the program. Results: A statistically significant reduction in depression was found among participants. However, no significant changes in emotional state, behavioral problems, and cognitive function were revealed. Conclusion: The validation therapy was found to reduce symptoms of depression in older adults with dementia. It can therefore be considered as a program that could improve quality of life in this population.
    Keyword:Dementia, Validation Therapy, Dementia Symptoms, Non-Phamacologic Therapy, Nursing
  • Purpose: The study was conducted for the purpose of analyzing the effects of self-management on sports competition anxiety for youth breaking athletes who belong to the national Taekwondo demonstration team and have participated in the defeat contest. In order to achieve the purpose of this study, a questionnaire was conducted on 312 youth breaking athletes who have participated in the national breaking competition and analyzed the collected data. Method: In the study, a frequency analysis(Frequencies) to determine the general characteristics of the study participants and a correlation analysis(Correlation analysis) to determine the influence relationship between the variables of the measurement tool using SPSS 26.0 were conducted with the data collected through the questionnaire. In addition, Multiple regression analysis was performed to analyze the effect of self-management on sports competition anxiety. All statistical significance levels were set to .05. Results: This study was conducted to verify how self-management of Taekwondo breaking athletes affects sports competition anxiety. The results are as follows. First, as a result of analyzing the differences in self-management and sports competition anxiety of Taekwondo-breaking athletes according to the gender of youth Taekwondo-breaking athletes, there was no statistically significant difference. Second, there was no statistically significant difference as a result of analyzing the differences in self-management and sports competition anxiety of Taekwondo-breaking athlets according to middle and high school of youth Taekwondo-breaking athletes. Third, there was no statistically significant difference as a result of analyzing the differences in self-management and sports competition anxiety of Taekwondo-breaking athletes according to the winning experience of youth Taekwondo-breaking athletes. Fourth, as a result of analyzing how the self-management of youth Taekwondo breaking athletes affects sports competition anxiety, statistically significant differences were found in some factors. Conclusion: In the study, it was found that the self-management of taekwondo breaking athletes affects sports competition anxiety in some factors. Based on the results of this study, subsequent studies require research on the relationship and influence of more diverse factors and development of self-management programs to lower competition anxiety, and attempts of qualitative research are needed.
    Keyword:Juvenile, Taekwondo Technical Breaking, Self-Management, Competition State Anxiety, Taekwondo Demonstration