All Articles

  • Purpose: Following the COVID-19 crisis, the solidarity among people in our society has discontinued and activity restrictions have increased, and as a result, mental stress has risen significantly. Such a global pandemic crisis has prolonged despite numerous efforts have been made at the national level to address it. Therefore, along with the national crisis management, the need for a professional education program for enhancing the mental health of individuals has been called for. Accordingly, in this paper, as a method of the consciousness training for overcoming the pandemic, an education program was designed and executed to increase the intrapersonal intelligence, thereby demonstrating the effect of the education. Method: As a program to enhance the intrapersonal intelligence, pre-class was operated to minimize face-to-face classes for the short term in consideration of the pandemic situation. Towards this end, a program was designed with the teaching and learning structure of Flipped Learning to maximize the effect and efficiency of education. The program’s curriculum was developed into 10 sessions for adult learners, and a social media platform was utilized to operate the pre-class. Furthermore, the NLP coaching tool was used as a main teaching method for the program. In addition, to examine and validate the effect of the program, the corresponding sample t-test was conducted, while the educational effect was measured via the pre- and post-comparative validation between the experimental group and the control group. Results: As a result of executing the intrapersonal intelligence improvement program and conducting the pre- and post-tests, there was a significant difference in the scores for the entire intrapersonal intelligence test. The positive result of this program is analyzed to be a result of the systematic teaching design. Along with which, it may be interpreted as a result of enhancing the understanding of the self-reflection, immersion for learning, and the motivation for learning by undertaking the Flipped Learning based class strategies satisfying the needs of the 21st century learners. Conclusion: Moving forward, disasters and crises following the changes in the climate environment and industrial advancements are expected to continue in our society. Accordingly, a professional emotional management program which can help learners cope with the crisis situation should be in place. Moreover, the teaching and learning method and the operating system in a contactless situation should evolve as well. In this point of view, unlike the existing studies, this study has achieved distinction by reflecting educational elements satisfying the needs of the times and performing innovative teaching methods.
    Keyword:Intrapersonal Intelligence, Flipped Learning, NLP Coaching, Program Design, Instructional Design
  • Purpose: In the event of a disaster, the work of local governments should continue not only to respond to disasters but also to normal work. Therefore, what should be prioritized during normal administrative work, the scale of manpower and resources, priority work in the event of a disaster, and how to effectively use manpower and facilities are important planning elements to be conceived by local governments. This study examines strategies for local governments to continue administrative work in the event of a disaster in a large city. Method: The Administrative Business Continuity Plan(BCP) considers what the administration should do and what to do with the premise of administrative damage and restrictions due to disasters such as manpower and facilities. It is necessary to review the actual activities and conditions for all employees taking into account the information, facilities, facilities, and related organizations necessary to perform a given task in the event of a disaster. This study presented the perspective of BCP as administrative damage, core tasks according to priorities, and specificity of task performance. In addition, it analyzes the administrative BCP in case of an earthquake, taking the case of Tokyo and Osaka, the major cities of Japan. Results: To summarize the characteristics of the administrative BCPs of Tokyo and Osaka Prefecture, they considered what they should do and what they can do while preparing a countermeasure for the upcoming disaster. It is also significant that it was not only aimed at putting such concerns into a plan but also considered a plan that can be put into practice in everyday life. It was made clear that disaster response was not the responsibility of some ministries by collectively sharing the work to be done by departments in the government office Conclusion: First, it is necessary to devise a plan that does not disrupt business performance in consideration of administrative damage. Second, after selecting the core tasks according to the priorities, it is necessary to consider a plan that can be practiced in normal times by cultivating disaster prevention awareness through training or training. Third, agreements should be made in advance not only with all departments in the government building, but also with other local governments in some cases, minimizing the confusion caused by the inflow of external resources in the event of a disaster, and receiving effective support.
    Keyword:Administrative BCP(Business Continuity Plan), Prevention, Analysis, Disaster, Earthquak
  • Purpose: The reality is that ethnic conflicts exist in a multi-ethnic society. After the Cold War, the issue of ethnic identity and discrimination, which had been suppressed under the socialist system, was rapidly highlighted, and national division began. However, from the perspective of a dominant nation seeking international status as a powerful nation, the separation of ethnic minorities is considered a crisis of national dissolution, so it tries to thoroughly prevent the separation of minorities. In this process, terrorism occurs and government control and pressure become intense. This phenomenon is considered in this paper. Method: Under the socialist system, the Soviet Union and China have controlled multi-ethnic societies with ideology. However, after the Cold War, an independent state began to be established as a wave of separatist nationalism spread in Eastern Europe, including Russia. China has implemented a strengthened "one China policy" to nip this phenomenon in the bud at home. In particular, it sought to undermine separatist nationalism against the Uyghurs and Tibetans. We examine China's strategy for ethnic minorities and Uyghur's resistance from a historical perspective. Results: Xinjiang is a geopolitical important area. The Chinese government wants to defend against potential Western threats by controlling the region. Some extremist groups of ethnic minorities are also implementing multidimensional policies to fundamentally block armed struggles and attempts to carry out terrorism for secession. The politics of suppression of minorities will continue for the time being because it is not easy to dismantle the cultural and religious identity of minorities. Conclusion: It is a matter that cannot be coerced into assimilating minorities by a dominant ethnic group. If there is no prerequisite for recognizing ethnic differences and policies for national reconciliation, a coercive system will only produce conflict. To ensure that terrorism is not a means of expressing resistance to discrimination, imperial political behavior must be abandoned.
    Keyword:Ethnic Minorities, One Chinese Policy, Shanghai Pact, Re-Education Camp, Separation Independence
  • Purpose: In this study, national disasters are defined as the occurrence of cascading disasters taking into account the temporal and seasonal situations, including social crisis conditions such as financial crisis, etc. and large-scale natural and social disasters that occurred in Korea in the past. Method: In order to establish national disaster situations, representative disasters and crisis situations that occurred in Korea were summarized, and national disaster situation scenarios were proposed according to time and situation. The damage caused by the establishment of national disaster situations is expected to be unpredictable. In particular, in the case of an economic crisis such as the IMF, the financial condition of the country is poor, so if cascading disasters occur and the disaster situation lasts for a long time, the government’s ability to support may be remarkably difficult. Results: Preparing for such a national disaster is to be able to effectively cope with similar disasters, and the organization of the National Disaster Countermeasure Headquarters was proposed to respond to national disasters. In order to respond efficiently and promptly to national disaster situations, the President should be the head of the headquarters, the National Assembly and the Ministry of Strategy and Finance should be composed of support groups, and the central government organization of 17 departments, 5 offices, 17 government offices, and the head of 17 municipal governments need to be operated as a working organization of the national disaster countermeasure headquarters. Conclusion: In this study, a situation in which the worst disasters occur continuously and in the long term was established, and the situation of national catastrophe was presented as an example. It is absolutely necessary to prepare for such a worst-case situation, and as climate change, social economy become more complex and diversified, and uncertainty about risks increases, it is believed to be helpful to strengthen national response capabilities.
    Keyword:National Disaster, Continuous, Disaster Scenario, Long-Term, Hybrid
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the current status of the creation and management of healing forests in Korea to derive the improvement plan. Methods: Based on the hypothesis that there will be differences in the creation and management of each operator, 10 items including annual status, regional status, location standard, size, facility status, number of visitors, number of program users, management entity, construction cost, and operation status were investigated and analyzed. Results: The number of healing forests has been steadily increasing, and the area of composition has been found to be large. By region, Jeolla-do has the largest number of places, 7 places (25%), Gyeonggi-do (30%) has the largest area of composition, and the average area of composition is more than twice as large as the national public. In the forest species of healing by location criteria, coniferous forests were preferred, and trees of age class IV had higher frequency and area. There is no difference in the accessibility of each operator to healing forests by size and facilities, and there were many healing forest paths as forest healing facilities. The average number of program users and average visitors per year has been decreasing since 2015. According to the status of each management entity, the Western Regional Forest Service manages the most with a total of nine national and seven public places, while the Eastern Regional Forest Service manages two places. The average creation cost of the healing forest is KRW 4.5 billion/place for the national healing forest, KRW 6.4 billion/place for the public healing forest, and in the case of the average creation cost per area, KRW 0.6 billion/ha for the national healing forest and KRW 0.9 billion/ha for the public healing forest, and the national healing forest is lower. In the case of operation status, the usage fees are in the order of public, national, and private, and the National Forest Service is operated by the Korea Forest Welfare Institute under the Korea Forest Service. Conclusion: ‘Based on the improvement plan for healing forest creation and management, the evaluation items for healing forest creation and operation to introduce a certification system for healing forests should be presented, research on revitalization measures should be conducted, and many people should benefit from forest welfare services.
    Keyword:Healing Forests, Forest Healing, Forestry Culture, Natural Recreation Forest, Forest Paths
  • Purpose: This paper focuses on the microscopical and qualitative evolution of the mode of capital accumulation by the capitalist system based on market expansion. It will discuss how ‘the changed’ conditions surrounding humans in 21st century capitalism are fundamentally inconsistent with the essentially ‘unchanging’ needs for human safety, and ultimately how this is regressing the discussion of human nature. To this end, this paper attempts to examine the following questions: First, who enjoy the right to security that is in touch with the essential human needs, or who are the main exposure to danger? Second,how does the inequality of wealth lead to the inequality of risk? Method: To investigate the above research questions this study focuses on the number of industrial accident deaths in Korea, which is more than twice the number of deaths from Corona 19, and analyzes who are more at risk. To this end, the Ministry of Employment and Labor's industrial accident statistics were used to analyze which workers are more exposed to risk.Based on this objective data showing the level of inequality of risk, this study tries to interpret qualitatively the fundamental reasons for it from the critical perspective of capitalistic accumulation. Results: The need for safety is an essential trait for all human beings, but it is always changed and refracted according to social and class conditions. That is, the reality proves very well that safety is commercialized and that members of society are in an unfavorable situation with regard to risk. Risk inequality is multiply structured between developed and developing countries, primary and subcontracted firms, and regular and nonregular workers. Developed countries and subcontractors are trying to pay safety costs at a lower price through outsourcing of risks rather than internal investment in safety, and in the end, it is workers engaged in unstable labor that bear this outsourcing risk. Conclusion: The intrinsic need for safety is the same for everyone and therefore for all workers.However, if safety is not distributed fairly and only 'some people' can be exposed to danger, workers who can purchase safety based on a stable material base will want to avoid the risk as far as possible. The veto power to avoid exposure to risk in a commodified capitalist system of safety can only be exercised on a stable material basis. On the other hand, unstable workers with weak material bases have low bargaining power to reject risks and instead have high dependence on market income. Therefore, in order to secure safety, market income must be earned even at the expense of safety rather than the ability to pay the price of safety.
    Keyword:Inequality, Human Safety, Unstable Worker, Capital Accumulation, Outsourcing of Risk
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to verify differences arising from different educational backgrounds and employment paths in order to maintain performance capability and establish an effective management system through personnel management of security police, which is one of the job stress factors of the police related to human disasters. Method: In this study, among police officers in the security department as of 2020 who had experience in work related North Korean defectors, 100 trainees in the Police Human Resources Development Institute were surveyed via self-administration method. Among the collected survey questionnaires, 91 were selected as valid samples, excluding those whose answers were incomplete or missing. Results: As a result of the study, differences arising from different educational backgrounds showed a significant difference with a significance level of 5% in Q-2 and Q-8. The difference in stress depending on the employment path was significant with a significance level of 5% in Q-1, Q-3, Q-4, Q-5, Q-6, Q-7, Q-10, and Q-11. Conclusion: When assigning works to individuals according to their educational background, the works assigned to those with a low level of education should not conflict with each other, and the work environment should be improved to relieve the burden of excessive responsibilities for those with a high level of education. In addition, the analysis on the differences arising from different employment paths suggests that the stress of conflicting works for security police officers who have been employed through special recruitment needs to be relieved, and improvements should be made to reduce the stress of high responsibility and excessive workload for those who became a security police officer as a cadet.
    Keyword:Human & Disaster, Police, Job Stress, Educational Background, Employment Path
  • Purpose: Naturalized plants come in artificially or naturally, producing and spreading large numbers of seeds. Naturalized plants are not culled in the natural ecosystem and coexist in their own way. They have a wide range of tolerance and fast growth rates. Therefore, this study analyzed the differences of naturalized plants in the Gyeongsangbuk-do area by population density, forestland ratio, farmland ratio, land ratio, road ratio, and river ratio. We investigated the correlation with the naturalization index to understand the distribution characteristics of naturalized plants. Method: We conducted one-way ANOVA and multivariate analysis of variance(MANOVA) to determine the differences between the number of naturalized plant species and the items related to the naturalization index. Post-hoc analysis was performed through the Scheffe test method. We performed curvilinear regression analysis to find out the correlation. We used the Spss Statistics 21 statistics program to perform the above statistical analysis. Results: The naturalization index of naturalized plants showed differences in four items: population density, farmland ratio, land ratio, and river ratio, but there were no statistical differences in the two items, such as forestland ratio and road ratio. The farmland ratio did not affect the increase or decrease in the naturalization index. When the land ratio and road ratio increased, the naturalization index was also positively correlated. The river ratio had a positive correlation, but it had a negative correlation again after a certain point. Conclusion: The results of this study are expected to be used as data for selecting priority areas to manage naturalized plants. In addition, the data of this study can be used as basic data to study the naturalization index and environmental change of naturalized plants. However, we propose that comprehensive management for naturalized plants, such as analysis of the inflow path and distribution characteristics of naturalized plants between domestic regions, should be carried out continuously at the administrative level of local governments.
    Keyword:Naturalized Plants, Naturalization Index, Emergence Rate, Distribution Characteristics, Correlation