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A Study on Confucius' Dialogue in the Analects and Application to Coaching 5 Steps Models: Exploring Vale-Oriented Coaching Learning

Vol.7 (No.1) 2022
Author
admin
Date
2022-03-30 16:26
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81

Abstract


Purpose: According to the needs of the times, the role and ability of the facilitator to help learners demonstrate their abilities as coaches in the education field is being emphasized. Coaching is helping coach and coachee through interaction with each other and helping growth. Coaching is conducted by applying various skills such as motivation for learning, effective questions, and feedback. Therefore, in order for coaching to be well done, it is necessary to approach according to the opponent and special coaching skills is needed. We try to find the answer in the conversation between Confucius and his disciples, who pursued change and growth. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out whether the Confucius coaching dialogue method and the coaching 5 STEPS model in 『The Analects』 can be applied as a 'coaching learning method' and to find a value-oriented education method.

Method: Confucius was not a knowledge transfer education method but a comprehensive humanistic wisdom, and was the leader in receiving and cultivating humanistic wisdom. It is worth discussing what Confucius' story in Analects is giving meaning to the current era in relation to the theme of value-oriented coaching learning method, and the researcher reconstructed and conducted the 5-step model of CMOE coaching among various coaching learning methods. The contents and methods of this study were analyzed by the four elements of the coaching 5 STEPS model based on the conversation meth-od in the argument: question, listening, recognition, and feedback. And the coaching 5 STEPS model proceeded with step-by-step support, topic confirmation, accident expansion, solutions, and action check.

Results: Confucius in 『The Analects』 gives different answers to the same question by grasping the dispositions, attitudes, and academic maturity of his disciples through questions and answers through active listening. We provide feedback with recognition and praise through education tailored to the level of our students. And we enjoy learning together, and we lead our disciples to change and grow by reflecting through learning. As such, Confucius' dialogue method combines the coaching five-step model to show the applicability of today's coaching
learning methods. In other words, in an era of limitless competition and uncertainty, it answers the questions of how to study and how to teach, and guides the way to find a value-oriented educational method that makes learning enjoyable.

Conclusion: Through this thesis, Confucius' dialogue method can be applied to coaching education, and it suggests a way to find a value-oriented education method by answering the learning method suitable for the times. In addition, Analects are reinterpreted beyond the scope of classical texts, indicating that education suitable for the modern paradigm is possible.

Keyword:Conversation Method of Confucius, Confucius in Analects, Coaching, Coaching Learning, 5-Step Model
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to validate the difference in the effectiveness of the police on job involvement based on their work experiences in order to validate the effectiveness of the security police who directly make contacts with the North Korean defectors as a solution to various problems and conflicts. Method: In this study, among police officers in the security department as of 2020 who had experience in work related North Korean defectors, 100 trainees in the Police Human Resources Development Institute were surveyed via self-administration method. Among the collected survey questionnaires, 91 were selected as valid samples, excluding those whose answers were incomplete or missing. Results: As a result of the study, there was no statistically significant difference demonstrated in terms of the difference in job involvement according to the total length of police service. Furthermore, as a result of the analysis performed on the difference in terms of the police’s job involvement according to security and service period, there was no statistically significant difference in total security, service period, and job involvement. Conclusion: It turned out that there was no statistical difference in terms of the perception of job involvement between the total police’s service period, security and service period, which. means that serving for a long time in the police or security department does not affect the responsibility, effort, and voluntary participation in the job. That is, since there is no difference in the perception of job involvement based on experiences, it is apparent that the factors affecting job involvement by various factors including working environment, performance measurement, and fatigue ought to be developed. Furthermore, this study looks forward to the lives of the North Koreans whose freedom and human rights are guaranteed by the collapse of the North Korean dictatorship.
    Keyword:Human Rights, North Korean Defectors, South Korean Security Police, Period of Service, Job Involvement
  • Purpose: According to the needs of the times, the role and ability of the facilitator to help learners demonstrate their abilities as coaches in the education field is being emphasized. Coaching is helping coach and coachee through interaction with each other and helping growth. Coaching is conducted by applying various skills such as motivation for learning, effective questions, and feedback. Therefore, in order for coaching to be well done, it is necessary to approach according to the opponent and special coaching skills is needed. We try to find the answer in the conversation between Confucius and his disciples, who pursued change and growth. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out whether the Confucius coaching dialogue method and the coaching 5 STEPS model in 『The Analects』 can be applied as a 'coaching learning method' and to find a value-oriented education method. Method: Confucius was not a knowledge transfer education method but a comprehensive humanistic wisdom, and was the leader in receiving and cultivating humanistic wisdom. It is worth discussing what Confucius' story in Analects is giving meaning to the current era in relation to the theme of value-oriented coaching learning method, and the researcher reconstructed and conducted the 5-step model of CMOE coaching among various coaching learning methods. The contents and methods of this study were analyzed by the four elements of the coaching 5 STEPS model based on the conversation meth-od in the argument: question, listening, recognition, and feedback. And the coaching 5 STEPS model proceeded with step-by-step support, topic confirmation, accident expansion, solutions, and action check. Results: Confucius in 『The Analects』 gives different answers to the same question by grasping the dispositions, attitudes, and academic maturity of his disciples through questions and answers through active listening. We provide feedback with recognition and praise through education tailored to the level of our students. And we enjoy learning together, and we lead our disciples to change and grow by reflecting through learning. As such, Confucius' dialogue method combines the coaching five-step model to show the applicability of today's coaching learning methods. In other words, in an era of limitless competition and uncertainty, it answers the questions of how to study and how to teach, and guides the way to find a value-oriented educational method that makes learning enjoyable. Conclusion: Through this thesis, Confucius' dialogue method can be applied to coaching education, and it suggests a way to find a value-oriented education method by answering the learning method suitable for the times. In addition, Analects are reinterpreted beyond the scope of classical texts, indicating that education suitable for the modern paradigm is possible.
    Keyword:Conversation Method of Confucius, Confucius in Analects, Coaching, Coaching Learning, 5-Step Model
  • Purpose: In order to address the problem of human alienation due to anxiety, stress, and economic polarization in our society, meditation programs have emerged as an important means in the fields of psychology and psychiatry, and hence, this study was conducted to verify the effect of grateful meditation program on the psychological variables. Method: This study is a literary analysis study, and by examining 8 papers on grateful meditation programs conducted in Korea, the contents of gratitude and meditation methods used for these studies were analyzed, and the effects of these programs on the dependent variables. Results: First, as for the contents of gratitude used for these programs, the greatest number of gratitude was for one’s own body (8th paper), one's own existence (7), family (6), neighbors (5), nature (5), friends (4), and objects (2) were analyzed as the most, respectively Second, as for the meditation method adopted for the grateful meditation program, it was analyzed that breathing meditation was used for the preparation phase, visualization meditation or mantra meditation was primarily used for the development phase, and motion meditation was partially used for the finishing phase. Third, the grateful meditation program was analyzed to be effective across all dependent variables (satisfaction of life, positive and negative emotions, self-esteem, anger, disposition of gratitude, and interpersonal relationships) set for 8 studies. Conclusion: First, the future grateful meditation program ought to change the contents of the gratitude according to age. Second, the method of meditation ought to also change according to age. Third, the contents of gratitude or the method of meditation ought to be changed according to the dependent variable to be improved through the grateful meditation program. Fourth, if the ‘time of consideration for myself’ is preceded by the grateful meditation preparatory program for palpating my cognition, emotions, and actions, it would be possible to proceed more effectively and in depth during the development phase, grateful meditation. Hence, the grateful meditation program is a powerful program in promoting the cognitive, emotional, and the behavioral changes for the participants, and hence, it ought to be more systematic and widely used moving forward.
    Keyword:COVID-19, Anxiety, Stress, Grateful Meditation Program, Effect
  • Purpose: This study was attempted to collect opinions for operating dementia project of Dementia care center and to understand what is needed as a strategy for efficient dementia project by analyzing working experience of practitioners at the Dementia Care Center. Method: Focus group interviews with practitioner working at 47 Dementia Care Centers in Gyeonggi-do and contents analyzing method were conducted. Results: The contents of interviews were analyzed by dividing into two themes: the difficulty in conducting dementia project and the development plan for revitalizing the dementia project. Three categories of difficulties in carrying out the dementia projects were derived: negative perception of dementia, insufficient manpower system, and non-establishment of service system, and two categories of development plan were derived as the internal stability of the manpower system and the establishment of regional dementia management hub. Conclusion: Despite the increased social interest in dementia due to the implementation of the dementia national responsibility program, it was found that it was still difficult to carry out the project due to the negative perception of dementia. For the efficient operation of the dementia care center and vitalization of the project, the stabilization of the employment of working-level workers should be accompanied first, and a more systematic operation plan is needed by clearly establishing the role of each job group and confirming that the job is being performed according to the characteristics of the job.
    Keyword:Dementia, Management of Dementia, Dementia Care Center, Focus Group Interview, Qualitative Research
  • Purpose: In the present time, the interest in looks has rapidly increased regardless of gender and age, and we are living through the age of priority over looks. An individual's looks is not merely a simple caring, but has also become a social competitiveness, which increases the interest in looks and enhances the body image and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to examine and understand the effect of the body image and the interest in looks perceived by female college students on the empathy of overcoming disaster targeting the female college students. Method: As for the research method, a questionnaire was used targeting female college students in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Incheon, and other areas. The questionnaire was consisted of body image, interest in looks, and interpersonal variables, while the frequency analysis was performed to examine the general characteristics of the research subjects, and the multiple regression analysis was performed to examine the interpersonal relationship between the body image and the interest in looks. Results: First, in terms of the effect of the female college student's body image on the empathy of overcoming disaster, it turned out that among the body images, the interest in looks turned out to have an effect on cognitive empathy, emotional empathy, and attitude empathy, and among the body images, the body satisfaction turned out to have effect on the emotional empathy and attitude empathy. Second, in terms of the effect of the female college student's body image on the empathy of overcoming disaster, aesthetic orientation turned to have effect on the cognitive empathy, emotional empathy, and the attitude empathy among the interest in looks, and self-expression among the interest in looks turned out to affect the emotional empathy only. Conclusion: Given the current ‘COVID-19’ crisis, many problems have ravaged the world, and as disasters prolong, the interest in overcoming disasters has also grown. At the same time, the interest in looks is rapidly increasing due to the priority over looks. Hence, this study has examined the effect of body image and interest in looks perceived by the female college students on the empathy of overcoming disaster, and recognizes the importance of empathy for the interest in looks, and hence, more research would be required.
    Keyword:Female College Student, Body Image, Interest in Looks, Overcoming Disaster, Empathy
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to validate the actor effect and partner effect of the relationship between coparenting, marital satisfaction, and happiness of parents with children of early childhood, and also provide data for parents’ education in the field of early childhood education as well as the enhancement of the parents’ marital satisfaction and happiness. Method: 1305 people from the 7th year (2014) data of the Korean Children’s Panel were selected as the subjects of the analysis, and the actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) was applied by using the SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0 for the analysis. Results: First, the parents’ coparenting turned out to have a positive effect on happiness, and in terms of the effect of coparenting on happiness, both father’s and mother’s actor effect and partner effect turned out to be significant. Second, the parents’ coparenting turned out to have a positive effect on marital satisfaction, and in terms of the effect of coparenting on marital satisfaction, both the father’s and mother's actor effect and the counterpart effect turned out to be significant. Conclusion: Implications were provided through the characteristics of the parents' intra-individual and marital dimensions on coparenting, marital satisfaction, and happiness of the parents with the children of early childhood, and the im-portance of coparenting within the family was discussed.
    Keyword:Actor-Partner Effect, Coparenting, Marital Satisfaction, Happiness, Marital Relationship
  • Purpose: Northern bamboo is an evergreen broad-leaved shrub. It reaches 1~2m in height and 3~6mm in diameter, spread throughout Korea. Northern bamboo leaves, also called bamboo leaves, have been used to treat children's convulsion, vomiting blood, and severe thirst in fever. Women with repressed anger illnesses boiled bamboo leaves covered with frost and drank the water. Therefore, this study investigated the folk remedies related to Northern bamboo. The researchers tried to analyze the studied data and examine the possibility of using northern bamboo as a multi-purpose natural health food. Method: This study investigated and analyzed the folk remedies related to northern bamboo at herbal medicine stores, herbal medicine pharmacies, and medicinal herb decocting shops in Daegu metropolitan city and Yeongcheon, Gyeongsangbuk-do. Researchers also searched and collected valuable materials in the Naver blog. This paper conducted a Frequency analysis on the collected data with several categories, such as the collecting season of bamboo, the usable parts of it, the processing ways of it, the ingestion types of it, and the frequency of its utilization by disease. Results: In analyzing the use of northern bamboo to folk remedies, cardiovascular disease was the most frequently used for each related disease. The frequency of use for cancer-related diseases, diabetes-related diseases was also high percentage. Bamboos were collected regardless of the season, but most were collected during the spring when new shoots were born. All bamboo parts were usable, but leaves were used the most. Bamboos were used in various processing ways, but 'drying’ regardless of sunlight and shade was the most common method. As for the ingestion types, tea was the most common style. Conclusion: Northern bamboo has been used for various diseases in folk remedies, and it is easy to obtain because it grows anywhere in the country. Eggplant seeds, jujube, licorice, and others are added when processing or ingestion, but in many cases, it is consumed alone without adding anything else. As a result of investigating and analyzing the folk remedies related to northern bamboo, the researchers reaffirmed the value of bamboo through this study. This paper evaluated that northern bamboo has the excellent potential to be used as a multi-purpose natural health food.
    Keyword:Northern Bamboo, Folk Remedies, Processing Ways, Usable Parts, Collection Season
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to present a plan to manage disaster situations using MORT-TAC, a factor to consider the situation evaluation of disaster sites. Despite the importance of disaster response due to the sharing of initial disaster information in disaster response, small disasters often develop into national disasters due to the lack of important information in the event of a disaster. Method: In order to conduct research using MORT-TAC, a factor in evaluating disaster situations, various organizations can use MORT-TAC to distribute initial disaster information through literature research and telephone interviews due to COVID-19. In addition, a study was conducted to incorporate the researcher's military expertise for 30 years of military service into the disaster field. Results: As a result of the district, MORT-TAC was suggested to distribute initial information on disaster sites between city and county emergency control teams, integrated support headquarters, regional and central emergency control teams, and education and training programs to improve disaster-related officials' expertise. Conclusion: Disaster response and disaster situation management must be performed by professional officials. Disaster officials of all disaster response emergency organizations must have the expertise to manage disaster situations using MORT-TAC, and to this end, education and training programs must be reflected in the annual education plan. In addition, in-depth research on MORT-TAC should be continuously studied in the future.
    Keyword:Initial Disaster Information, Disaster Situation Management, MORT-TAC, Information Distribution, Professional Education
  • Purpose: In this study, the actual situation of cyber crimes under the pendemic situation of 12 police stations under the Gyeonggi Northern Police Agency, which occurred mainly in the northern Gyeonggi province, was investigated, and the countermeasures were studied by identifying how users' motivations for using them affect their perception of criminal behavior. Method: Based on this, the study is meaningful in that it provides basic data for preventing future cyber crimes and responding to cyber crimes. Although the Korean police only exposed the actual situation of cyber direct transaction fraud, game fraud, shopping mall fraud, and other crimes using messengers under the pendemic state, we will also shed light on cyber crimes such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Toc, and Telegram, which are metaverses. There is a need. Results: As for the monthly occurrence of cyber crimes of the Northern Provincial Police Agency, there were 642 cases of direct transaction fraud in November 2019, during the early phase of the pandemic due to Corona 19, 2 cases of shopping mall scams, 78 cases of game scams, and 34 cases of other messenger scams. In December 2019, 336 cases of direct transaction fraud occurred, 3 cases of shopping mall scams, 29 cases of game scams, and 28 cases of other messenger scams. Conclusion: When the police who leave brilliant cultural achievements think about the status of police officers leading the advanced social and national security administration in the era of national income of 30,000 dollars, they dream of cyber culture safety. The police, dreaming of the advent of the peaceful era of cyber culture, stand for the benefit of the people you'll have to do it.
    Keyword:Pendemic, Cyber Crime, Corona 19, Gyeonggi Northern Police Agency, Direct Transaction Fraud
  • Purpose: Framework act on the management of disasters and safety is the highest law covering disasters and safety in South Korea. Disaster management infrastructure has been expanded through the enactment and revision of the Framework act on the management of disasters and safety. However, there is still a high awareness that disaster management should be led by the administration. In the modern society, where self-help is emphasized above all else in the event of a disaster, it is difficult to expect effective disaster response through administrative initiative alone. This study intends to review measures to improve Framework act on the management of disasters and safety through evacuation that enables the primary victims, the residents, to respond to disasters most effectively. Method: The items such as 'enhancement of disaster site response capacity' and 'emphasis on the role of local governments in disaster and safety management', which were newly revised in 2015, were reviewed. The problems of the current Disaster Safety Act were reviewed from three perspectives: 'Incomplete disaster prevention administration in case of a disaster', 'Various aspects of local residents for evacuation', and 'Insufficient structure of public-private cooperative system for evacuation'. Results: First, it is necessary to recognize the incompleteness of disaster prevention administration during a disaster. Rather than increasing dependence on the administration, improvement should be made with the direction of how the residents can increase their independence and self-reliance. Second, the evacuation order should be improved to be ‘situational information’ that informs residents that they are in a situation that makes them think of evacuation, rather than ‘action directive type’. Third, the Framework act on the management of disasters and safety should stipulate in detail the establishment and reinforcement of public-private cooperation networks that utilize the capabilities of residents. Conclusion: For effective evacuation in the event of a large-scale disaster, the response capacity between various actors in the local community must be quickly aggregated. In addition, through improvement of the Disaster Safety Act in the future, the evacuation plan should start with reestablishing the relationship between the administration and residents. Residents should be aware of their own role for evacuation, and the administration should have a system that can support it as much as possible.
    Keyword:Disaster Response, Correspondence of Administrations, Dependent on Government Response, Correspondence of Inhabitants, Evacuation Plan