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  • The primary purpose of this study was to explore the importance of types of learning sport rules which could influence sport enjoyment and future consumption. This study aimed to find strategies which could prevent crisis from challenges in sports industry with saturated market and declining attendance. Secondly, the researcher could seek to examine the influence of learning sport rules on sport fan behavior. Among many factors, knowledge was considered as a significant element during the initial stage of becoming a sport fan. People that ‘know’ or ‘recognize’ a sport, team, and players by being exposed and learning the rules of play increase aware-ness, which was a fundamental and basic step for becoming a sport fan for enjoyment. However, learning sport rules was considered a minor aspect of knowledge and little attention has been paid to it as a factor of fan development. Based on 260 respondents, the present study explored the relationship among learning sport rules, enjoyment, and future consumption behavior of sport fans. Structural Equational Modeling(SEM) was used to test the model and examine the more meaningful relationships among learning sport rules, enjoyment, and future consumption behavior. The results showed that the proposed structural model has shown a good fit based on the result of Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA) and SEM which indicated that learning types of sport rules influence enjoyment of sport and enjoyment has a significant influence on future intention of sport-related consumption. This finding would aid practitioners in sport-related fields by making it possible to build efficient marketing strategies which could prevent several challenges and crisis of sports industry. Also, the findings of the current study would offer implications for academic and practical personnel by providing specific evidence of how knowledge of sport rules and learning paths impact the understanding of sport fan behavior.
    Keyword:Sports Industry Crisis, Sport Rules Learning, Sport Rules Acquisition, Sport Enjoyment, Sport Consumption
  • Purpose; The purpose of this study was to set up the acceptance-commitment therapy(ACT)-based anger crisis management program for patients with schizophrenia and then examine and determine the effects of that pro-gram on the psychological flexibility and anger expression style(i.e., anger control, anger in and anger out) of those patients. Methods: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was employed. Participants of the study were 45 inpatients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia. For this study, the ACT-based anger crisis management program was applied to the experimental group(n=23) over 4 weeks with 2 sessions per week based. Meanwhile, the control group(n=22) received usual care services from their primary health care providers with-out any experiment with the ACT-based program. The study was carried out from May to July, 2019. Data were statistically processed and analyzed using the Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and the independent t-test in accordance with the IBM SPSS/WIN 22.0. Findings: The experimental group showed a significant improvement in psychological flexibility(t=5.09, p<.001) and anger control(t=5.09, p<.001) and a significant reduction in anger-in(t=2.44, p=.019) and anger-out(t=2.44, p=.019). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that the ACT-based anger crisis management program could be useful as a mental health nursing intervention that realizes the improved psychological flexibility and more effective anger expression style of patients with schizophrenia.
    Keyword:Crisis, Schizophrenia, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Anger Management Therapy, Psy-chological Flexibility
  • The purpose of this study was to examine how the crisis of marital conflict between parents influences chil-dren’s problem behaviors through meditation by time that those children spend in the use of electronic media. For this purpose, the study investigated data about 1,354 participants of the 8th-Year Panel Study of Korean Children(2015). The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. First, mother’s recognition of marital conflict directly affects children’s time of electronic media use and their problem behavior. In other words, the higher mother is in such recognition, the higher or more children are in the time of electronic media Second, mother’s recognition of marital conflict has a direct influence on children’s problem behavior via their time of electronic media use. In contrast, however, father’s recognition of marital conflict has no effect on children’s time of electronic media use and problem behavior. This study is so meaningful in that it provided some empirical information useful for parent education, parent counseling or child-parenting environment by determining direct or indirect relationships between mother’s psychological negativeness, especially in regard to marital conflict, and early school-age children’s problem behavior and their time of electronic media use or, in other words, effects of that negativeness on such behavioral problem and time spent in the use of electronic media. The authors of this study hope that its findings could be used as basic data for parent education or child counseling, consequently contributing to parents’ more psychological soundness and better domestic environment.
    Keyword:Crisis, Marital Conflict, Time of Electronic Media Use, Problem Behavior, Mediating Effects
  • This study is to suggest effective countermeasures in overcoming social crisis due to illegal online gambling which is rapidly increasing in our society today. First, installing an overall coordination mechanism of the illegal gambling industry eradication policy. There are different organizations that carry out their roles related to the illegal gambling industry and are maintaining the coordinated business systems but because there are no organizations that carry out the overall mediation functions, the effectiveness of job performance deteriorates, and although there are aspects where active action is established when problems occur, it is restricted to only being temporary. In this sense, an overall coordination mechanism of the illegal gambling industry eradication policy is needed, and as The National Gambling Control Commission is an organization of the permanent consultative body, it is considered suitable to perform this role. Second, to make active blockage of illegal online gambling user demands. In the case of illegal gambling, disciplinary measures must be arranged on deposits and withdrawal actions through accounts. On this, investigation agencies or The National Gambling Control Commission ought to facilitate a financial transaction account stop request on illegal accounts and arrange a restriction device to block the reversion of criminal proceeds. Third, to arrange a payment suspension in using accounts on illegal online gambling. It is necessary to arrange the investigation functions on financial transactions dealing with the illegal gambling industry through related law revision, the right to suspend payments, and the right to request data about the head of agency. Fourth, to grant rights of the special judicial police. According to the current law, The National Gambling Control Commission has a regulation on the illegal gambling industry but does not have any regulations on investigation rights. Under current circumstances where the online illegal gambling industry is rapidly increasing, simple cyber surveillance and information gathering is considerably limited, thus makes it also limited when it comes to the investigation process afterwards. In that sense bringing in the Special Judicial Police who have the authority to investigate must be taken into consideration. Fifth, in order to reduce users of the illegal gambling industry, not only should posters, videos, and sound productions about harmful effects and penalties of the illegal gambling industry on teenagers be publicized, but prevention education should be made mandatory, and delivering the seriousness of harmful effects in person through visiting the schools should be actively expanded.
    Keyword:Social Crisis, Illegal Gambling, Illegal Online Gambling, Special Judicial Police, The National Gambling Control Commission
  • Most people rarely think about the possibilities or risks of accidents that can happen in everyday life, think that accident is caused by unforeseen coincidence. However, if people are aware of the potential for accidents that may occur in their surroundings and form behaviors and attitudes that protect them, these everyday accidents will not only be fully prevented, but they will be able to prevent them even when an accident occurs, the damage can be minimized. Children are particularly curious, lacking self-regulation, awareness of the situation, and coping with safety, it is more prone to safety accidents than anyone else. As a result, the duty of early childhood teachers to educate children to develop the right knowledge of safety and the attitude and ability to cope with dangers is increasing and the knowledge and ability of early childhood teachers who can implement safety education appropriate for the developmental characteristics of children should be essential. According to the various previous studies, the higher the safety knowledge of early childhood teachers, the higher the ability to practice for the safety of children, and teacher's safety-related expertise is closely related to safety education and accident prevention of children. Therefore, it is very important to find out how the application of the flipped learning method to the child safety curriculum has an effect on the safety expertise, knowledge, attitude, and practice of pre-service early childhood teachers. The subjects of this study were 23 pre-service early childhood teachers, 3rd grade in the department of Infant & Child Care, University A in Gangwon-do using learning achievement test tool is divided into knowledge, skill, and attitude. Applying the flipped learning method to the child safety curriculum showed significant results in the safety knowledge, skills and attitudes of the pre-service early childhood teachers. So it can be said that the instructor can 'teach well' according to the level of the learner, and the learner becomes aware of his weaknesses, and 'learn well' is possible. Also the results of this study show that the application of the flipped learning method to child safety education is a very positive and necessary method of safety course in the previous education.
    Keyword:Children Safety, Flipped Learning, Sa fety Knowledge , Sa fety Skills Sa fety Attitudes
  • Purpose; The purpose of this study is to develop healthy porridge for the contemporary people by adding chiaseed in the Korean traditional rice porridge to facilitate rice consumption which has been reduced these days. The study made 6.5 times porridge samples by adding omega 3 fatty acid abundant chia seed in proportions of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively. The result of measuring viscosity showed that when the added proportion of chiaseed increased. The result of measuring spreadability showed that when the added proportion of chia seed increased. The result of measuring lightness of the porridge decreased significantly. The result of sensory evaluation showed that savory taste and flavor increased significantly when the added proportion of chia seed increased. The greasy taste and consistency also increased significantly when the added proportion increased. Besides, the feeling in the mouth and overall preference showed that Sample CS20 with 20% chia seed was most significantly preferred. This indicates that the optimum proportion of adding chia seed in the porridge is 20%. Therefore, it is also considered a good idea to add chia seeds to the axis to make up for the lack of omega 3 fatty acid of modern people. Also it is thought that later research on the general and nutritional content of chia seed should be carried out to derive the results that omega 3 fatty acids rich in chia seed are beneficial to adult diseases.
    Keyword:Safety, Chia Seed, Porridge, Adult Diseases, Omega 3 Fatty Acid