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  • A country is responsible for the safety of the people. It would be ideal for the police to protect the safety of all people and, if it is possible, the private security industry, would not develop any further. However, the crime rate of South Korea has continued to rise and the safety services provided by the country are limited. It is because it is impossible to predict when, where, and how a dangerous situation may occur. The “Security Services Industry Act” was enacted to foster the private security industry sound and healthy. It was enacted in 1976 and has been revised 26 times. The amendments of the "Security Services Industry Act" can be divided into partial amendments, amendments due to other law and full amendments The amendments due to other law mean the changes due to other law. The name change of the Ministry of Public Administration and Security is a representative example. Additionally, it was revised due to the changes in “Criminal Act”, “Punishment of Violences, Etc. Act”, “Civil Act”, “Presidential Security Act”, and “Administrative Procedures Act”. However, these amendments mostly did not affect the pur-pose of the "Security Services Industry Act" much. The overall amendment trend was addition and reinforcement, rather than deletion or alleviation. Although it is one of the main subjects responsible for the security of South Korea, it has been growing quantitatively without extending the scope of the private security industry and dele-gating appropriate authorities. In terms of the past 26 revisions, the quantity of it has grown explosively from the enactment in 1976 to 2001, when it finally had the current business areas(i.e., facility security, escort security, personal security, machine security, and special security) and from 2002 to 2012, when the capital requirement was lowered, the responsibility principle began to be applied to the punishment provisions, and the dual task prohibition was removed. It has grown qualitatively from 2013, as regulations were strengthened: the collective civil complaint site was designated, the prohibition period of a sexual criminal was increased, and the prohibition for influencing the hiring of underqualified or unqualified personnel was introduced. The amendments of the “Security Services Industry Act” are supposed to develop the private security to the next sound level, maintain the national order, and protect the social safety. If the private security violates laws or adversely affects the public order, it should be sanctioned and punished strongly. However, it is necessary to give righteous authority and add more tasks such as private investor service or traffic regulation to security guards, as subjects responsible for social safety, for effectively maintaining the national order and protecting social safety effectively.
    Keyword:Security Services Industry Act, Private Security, Social Safety, Enactment and Amendment, South Korea
  • Purpose; Internationally increasing terror risks is no longer an issue of particular states, but of all, unsafe from terrorism at any time. At a point which effective countermeasures against incrementing terrors and cyber terrors, the thesis proposes a Big-Data based Anti-terrorism system. The suggested system captures terror cells via surveillance systems, collects relevant data to the cell, terrorists and their supporters online and offline and analyzes the tremendous amount of data via Big Data, thus maintains high level of monitoring on captured terror cells in accordance with the analysis results or blocks pertaining terror networks transfer all data to the terror response center for elimination of the cells. To effective utilize the anti-terror system proposed in the thesis, cooperation for general citizens and legal supports by the government are necessary for reading and collecting private information. Specialists throughout the world have been asserting, civil and institutional cooperations are essentially required to cope with international crimes and terrors. Measures to keep balance between international security and personal information protection are needed.
    Keyword:Crime Prevention, Terror, Big Data, Data Mining, Network
  • The research analyzes relevant risk factors to crime prevention among safety elements, reducing life quality index of Jecheon-si citizens, and direct causal factors in cause and effect relationship, hence accordingly suggests a safe city construction plan via joint citizen, the government and the academia network cooperation. To achieve such an objective, correlations between crime types and rates in Jecheon, in Chungcheongbuk do province and in all cities are comparatively analyzed. Proposing effective safety measures against crimes based on the research results of Jecheon, characteristic analysis of crime occurrences in Jecheon an d its tailored anti crime safety module system should be established, through practices by joint cooperation among citizen, the government and the academia network. Then, according to regional crime types in Jecheon, various crime prevention programs will actively need to be developed and operated.
    Keyword:Crime Prevention, Jecheon-si, Regional Characteristic, Anti-Crime Safety Model, Citizen
  • This study was designed to identify the perception towards social minorities and the variables which influence such perception for 230 preliminary police trainees of the Central Police Academy. The data were collected through the survey questionnaires and a multiple regression analysis was performed to conduct frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, and learn about the sense of social distance. The analytical results are as follows. The average value of the sense of social distance towards sexual minorities perceived by the police trainees was 3.65 or higher, whose average difference was not clear, yet the average value(3.07) was lower than the other questions for the questions on whether they are acceptable as members of the family. Examining the results of the final regression analysis performed, it was shown that social minorities related training experience, stereotypes about sexual minorities, and negative emotions about sexual minorities had a significant influence on the police trainees’ sense of social distance towards sexual minorities. This indicated that those with the training experience related to social minorities had a less sense of distance, and that the more and higher the stereotypes and negative emotions towards sexual minorities, the larger the sense of social distance. This study is meaningful in that it presented the relationship between the sense of social distance and the factors of influence about the sexual minorities for the police trainees who will become the preliminary police officers.
    Keyword:Sexual Minorities, Preliminary Police Officers, Sense of Social Distance, Negative Emotions, Negative Stereotypes