All Articles

Social Enterprise as a New PUBLIC VALUE Implementation

Vol.4 (No.2) 2019
Author
admin
Date
2019-12-30 23:26
Views
612

Abstract


This study aims to search for social enterprises to realize new public values. Public value is a social standard. This standard can also be pursued by governments or individuals. This traditional approach to public value has been used in policy science. Public value here is a framework, in this value, morality is just a part of it. The ethical approach, on the other hand, is divided into deontology, utilitarianism and virtue ethics, and is divided into communitarianism and liberalism according to the emphasis of the community and individual. Based on this ethical approach, it is emphasized that social enterprise can be an entity for public value. Since this study provides an overview, it awaits the development of a tool to assess the success of social enterprises to realize public value. In addition, this research points out that the public value does not necessarily have to be based on public organizations such as government. Individuals and NGOs could be very important subject to actualize the public value.

Keyword:Public Value, Policy Science, Deontology, Utilitarianism, Communitarianism
  • Purpose: This study was attempted to confirm the effect on resilience, teacher efficacy, and satisfaction after developing and applying pre-educational program as a way to improve resilience of pre-health education public teacher to school health practice. Method: Research design is a similar experimental study of one group pretest-posttest design. The subject of this study was a total of 8 pre-educational programs from September 4 to November 20, 2019, targeting 10 of sophomores at a university. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: There was a significant difference before and after the implementation of the pre-educational program in the area of activeness in technology acquisition(Z=-2.81, p=.005), excluding the future-oriented area(Z=-.97, p=.331) and the independence/risk-taking area(Z=-.15, p=.878), which are sub-areas of the resilience. There were statistically significant differences in all areas of teaching efficacy(Z=-2.54, p=.011), task-interpersonal efficacy(Z=-2.25, p=.024), community-linked efficacy(Z=-2.55 p=.011), and health service efficacy(Z=-2.04, p=.041), which are sub-areas of teacher efficacy. Satisfaction was found to have an overall average score of 22.80 out of 25. Conclusion: It was confirmed that the pre-educational program could be an intervention plan to increase the resilience and teacher efficacy of School Health Practice. In addition, post-educational programs are also needed to improve resilience such as future-oriented, independence/risk-taking to systematically operate educational practice.
    Keyword:Program, Resilience, Efficacy, Satisfaction, Public
  • Purpose: This study analyzed the satisfaction factors through the composition of the beauty college website for college students who applied to the cosmetic department, and the purpose of this study is to provide basic data that can help the college students decide on their entrance to school and career path. Method: A survey was conducted by selecting college students who entered the cosmetic department in Gangwon-do, Chungcheong-do, and Jeollabuk-do. For this survey, from August 28, 2019 to September 21, 2019, students enrolled in a four-year college of cosmetology were targeted. A total of 260 questionnaires were distributed, but a total of 253 copies were utilized excluding the questionnaires with insincere responses. Results: First, it was found that scholarship system, reality perception, and curriculum, which are sub-variables of website composition, had a statistically significant positive(+) effect on entrance and career path. In addition, it was found that the sub-variables of the website composition, such as scholarship system, reality perception, and curriculum, had a statistically significant positive(+) effect. Second, it was found that the scholarship system, reality perception, and curriculum, which are sub-variables of website composition, had a statistically significant positive(+) effect on satisfaction. Third, it was found that entrance and career path had a statistically significant positive(+) effect on satisfaction. Conclusion: The purpose of the university website is to serve users. Therefore, in order to provide high-quality service, it is necessary to identify users' requests or complaints and actively accept them.
    Keyword:Department of Beauty, Website Composition, Satisfaction, Entrance, Career Path
  • Purpose: Treatment modalities writer’s purpose are in the effort of Gwang he(光海), in fact people would be written by Hanguel, at most colloquially from language what are. Furthermore, the path of the disease, are not yet known, from which the books rewritten by Yu yitae. Heo Jun, who is written first publications by looking for the other books(written in hand) at first in early 17th. Method: How the research is to a case of Pubescent Angelica usages in Internal Bodily Elements section, Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medical science were developed, this search derived to the meaning of korean medicines. we introduced various folk herbs in which were using by curing infections, representing characters, effectiveness, precautions of the korean medicines plants. We collected for herbs in which cheap and get easily them. They could remedy patients with catching contagious disease, help restoring to health. It best herbs take People almost every neighborhood has one close by. Results: We could Tangaekpyeon(湯液篇) in Donguibogam( 『東醫寶鑑』 ) what is recorded by herbs and medicine plants from native foods in which were produced them that mixing from plants in various, collecting herbs’ crystal, korean medicines methods and korean plants natures, and making a prescription. The folk remedies which an old remedies are unfact manners, low levels in respect of a present medicines, of an traditional views is up to Korean medicine of the Cho-seon. The treatments a disease with folk remedies are made of people, what prevent contagious diseases. The importance of fork remedies are as follows. At first, medicines plants were on hand. Secondly, the medicines are drugs that take solution processible and are made handling by easily. Thirdly, herbal medicine infusion was to boil by tisane, let hot water cool, drink it. Fourthly, materials from medical herb market, boiling pots, should be kept convenient places. fifthly, The method of use and storage method from domestic herbs require precautions. Conclusion: The significance of something is the importance that it has, usually because it will have an effect on a situation or shows something about a situation. The book affords a monumental example of industry. This books are to set in motion a chain of events. It is important that we can learn how to prevent from the infection by reading this books.
    Keyword:Donguibogam, Tangaekpyeon, Korean Fork Remedies, Korean Plants, Infections
  • Purpose: This study aims to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and career attitude maturity in career decision-making of educational service quality developed to improve the quality of education in the Department of Aviation Service and strengthen competitiveness in the department. It is insufficient research to apply educational service quality considering the characteristics of the Department of Airline Service, and it is expected that this study will be used as basic data to help efficient department operation and establish strategies for fierce entrance exams. Method: For empirical analysis, a total of 231 responses were collected from students enrolled in the De-partment of Aviation Services at two-year and four-year universities located in Korea from September 6 to September 14, 2021, of which 221 were used for empirical analysis, excluding 10 unfaithful responses. In the empirical analysis, frequency analysis, factor analysis of measurement variables, reliability, and validity were investigated through SPSS 21.0. Results: It was confirmed that the reputation factor, a sub-factor of educational service quality, is an im-portant factor in all sub-factors of career decision-making self-efficacy. In addition, It was confirmed that self-evaluation, a sub-factor of career decision-making self-efficacy, is an important factor in career attitude maturity. It was shown that the employment support factors of education service quality were all important factors in the determination, purpose, certainty, and independence of career attitude maturity. Conclusion: Through the results of this study, it was confirmed that aviation service department education service quality had a significant influence on career decision-making self-efficacy and career attitude maturity. To increase college students' self-efficacy and career attitude maturity in career decision-making, it is necessary to accurately grasp the importance perceived by college students, increase the leading performance of aviation service majors, and actively engage in career preparation behavior. The result of this study suggests how the educational service quality in the airline service department currently recognized by students is related to career decision-making self-efficacy and career attitude maturity and suggests improvement measures for the development of the department.
    Keyword:Airline Service, Educational Service Quality, Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy, Career Attitude Maturity, Department of Airline Service Major
  • Purpose: This study tried to analyze the relationship between the desire to consume cosmetics and the motivation to purchase customized cosmetics. In the relationship between these variables, the relationship between the perception of the customized cosmetics dispensing manager, who promotes the consumption desire, as a moderating effect, on the purchase motive for customized cosmetics was confirmed. The purpose is to expand the consumption of customized cosmetics and to present the public service value of the customized cosmetics system. Method: A total of 561 questionnaires were used online for men and women of age of 10 to 69 who have purchased cosmetics nationwide. SPSS 22.0 was used as an empirical analysis method, and analysis was performed using multiple regression analysis and process macros. In order to find out the moderating effect of the perception of customized cosmetics dispensing managers, an analysis was conducted using Process Macro No. 59 model proposed by Hayes(2012). Results: First, it was revealed that the independent variable, the desire to consume cosmetics, and the dependent variable, the purchase motive for customized cosmetics, had a significant positive effect and a significant influence relationship between the variables. Second, the perception of the customized cosmetics dispensing manager is to motivate the purchase of customized cosmetics so that the brand/self-expression needs, the relationship/ride needs, the nature-friendly needs, and the pleasure needs are satisfied in a reasonable way in the relationship between the cosmetic consumption needs and the customized cosmetics purchase motivation. A modulatory effect in which an important inducing action is performed was confirmed. As a result, it was found that the influence of cosmetics consumption motives on the purchase motive of customized cosmetics is stronger when the customized cosmetics dispensing manager is known. Conclusion: As a result of the study, it was confirmed that it is a factor that promotes the desire to consume cosmetics by satisfying the effectiveness of products according to the professionalism and trust of the customized cosmetics dispensing manager. In other words, the confirmation of the moderating effect of the perception of the customized cosmetics dispensing manager is to secure the safety of the ingredients and functions of cosmetics that can be induced by consumer claims in the process of cosmetic consumption desire leading to consumption behavior. These results can be said that the customized cosmetic system showed public service value. In addition, by revealing that the higher the awareness of the customized cosmetics dispensing manager, the higher the motivation to purchase customized cosmetics. This suggests the need for a differentiated marketing strategy.
    Keyword:Customized Cosmetics, Consumption Needs, Purchase Motive, Customized Cosmetics Dispensing Manager, Moderating Effect
  • Purpose: The researcher tried to give fun and interest to class activities for learners who are familiar with the game environment. And I tried to actively utilize Gamification, which can help achieve educationally meaningful goals, in class education. A lot of research is needed so that learners can learn the learning elements that feel boring and difficult by applying the gamification element to education more fun and easily by themselves. So, The researcher applied edutech tools related to gamification to the beauty curriculum, and studied the effect of gamification on class participation motivation. Method: During the beauty and health class in the first semester of 2021, The researcher conducted an interactive class using a quiz-type gamification edutech tool such as Kahoot in subjects like wedding makeup, beauty hygiene laws, total coordination, and beauty English etc. In the 15th week of the final exam period, The researcher used a Google questionnaire to investigate the students' responses to class activities during the first semester. In the first semester of 2021, The researcher conducted a survey of 100 people in the 1st–4th grades of the Department of Beauty and Health as research subjects. Results: More than 90% of the students who participated in the survey were women, and 88.5% of students in their 20s were surveyed. As a result of the survey, it was found that the students' concentration aspect, learning experience, learning goal achievement, and lecture satisfaction were somewhat higher in the game class activities using the gamification tool. Most of the students responded positively to using gamification tools in class. Conclusion: ‘There were also opinions that the accessibility of the gamification app was somewhat difficult and difficult for students who experienced it for the first time. During subject orientation, and when students experience difficulties from time to time, prior guidance and steady guidance on how to approach the gamification app should be combined. In a future study, The researcher would like to study more deeply in which parts of the gamification tool the students are most interested in.
    Keyword:Gamification, Motivation, Learning, Edutech, Beauty
  • Purpose: The young adults today are increasingly worried about their career path as they watch the rapidly changing future society, emergence of new jobs, and the disappearance of promising jobs since the advent of the fourth industrial revolution. Preparing for the career path is related to the perspective of future oriented time in the sense of practicing the present actions, mindful of the future. This study sought to explore the effect of the high school students' perspective of future oriented time on the actions for the career path preparations, and also explore the influence of self-leadership and motivation for the career path in this process. Method: ‘A survey questionnaire was conducted for 650 high school students in Gyeongbuk, Daegu, Gyeongnam, and Ulsan regions, and the data of 565 students were finally analyzed, while the data were analyzed by using the structural equation model. The data collected for the statistical validation of the research model were analyzed by using the SPSS 18.0 for Windows and AMOS 22.0 programs in order to analyze the structural equation model for the causal relationship between the descriptive statistics and the research model, and also analyze the mediating effect by using the bootstrapping method and the phantom model. Results: As a result of the analysis performed, each of self leadership and motivation for the career path related mediating effects were discovered in the relationship between the high school students' perspective of future oriented time and the actions for the career path preparations, and the high school students' perspective of future oriented time demonstrated self leadership and motivation, with the double mediating effect discovered to influence the actions for the career path preparations through the career path. As a result of the multi-group analysis performed to examine the differences among the structural relationships according to the gender of young adults, the path from the perspective of future oriented time towards self leadership, path from self leadership towards the motivation for the career path, and the actions from motivation for the career path preparations demonstrated differences between men and women in the path for the career path preparations. Such results imply that it is necessary to consider the perspective of future oriented time, self-leadership, and motivation for career path as important variables in promoting the actions for the career path preparations. Conclusion: The structural model was validated to analyze the relationship between the perspective of future oriented time and self leadership, motivation for career path, and the actions for the career path preparations. Consequently, the effect of the perspective of future oriented time on the actions for the career path preparations was verified, and the mediating effects of self-leadership and the motivation for career path were further specified in the process. This implies that the perspective of future oriented time, self leadership, and the motivation for career path are among the important variables to consider when developing and applying various activities for promoting the actions for the career path preparations in school.
    Keyword:Future Oriented Time, Perspective, Self Leadership, Motivation for Career Path, Career Path Preparations
  • Purpose: As the times are changing rapidly, the change in the educational paradigm of universities is in an environment where it is impossible to retreat any more. Global leaders and future companies are demanding talents with collaboration, communication, and creativity. The most important educational system for nurturing talents with these competencies in universities requires a change in educational method from one-way education to interactive education. This paper is to propose the development of a communication education model to meet the creative convergence-type talent cultivation desired by the future society in the age of artificial intelligence. Method: The true meaning of interactive education is to increase the participation rate of learners in class and to increase self-directed learning ability and creativity through self-learning. Moreover, creativity development comes from the process of self-learning with interest. As distance classes increase due to COVID-19, the realization of interactive communication education is emerging as a biggest problem. There is a way to support the implementation of sufficient learning in online and offline education by using smart tools instead of test papers. This paper is to focus on using the interactive communication tools such as QuizN, Symflow, and Padlet. Results: In order to enhance the creativity of learners at universities, which are higher education institutions, efforts such as the development of various programs, the production of various contents, and the design and development of teaching and learning methods should be made. In addition, the following conditions are required for the educational method in universities for creativity enhancement. First, the learner's interest, motivation, and voluntary participation in class must be preceded. Second, it is necessary to enhance the humanities thinking ability, which has the characteristic of multiplicity. Third, the learner must lead the class proactively. Conclusion: This study proposed the development of the interactive education model for creative convergence talents. Based on the results of this study, it is expected that it will greatly contribute to the development of education such as program development, content production, and teaching-learning method development for value creation of an academic education model. Moreover, given the reality of conducting online distance education due to COVID-19, it is expected that the interactive communication education model proposed in this study can be fully utilized.
    Keyword:COVID-19, Interactive Education, Education Model, Non-Face-To-Face Training, Self-Directed Learning
  • Purpose: In this study, how the identity of women characters in Disney's animation of “Aladdin” was changed among the live action film characters, and how they were visually reflected were analyzed, and the value with providing help for the new contents development for the production of live action films. Method: Princess Jasmine, Aladdin's woman character, was selected as the research subject, and the scenes overlapping with the original animation were extracted from the live action film scenes, after which the characters, makeup, hairstyle, apparel styling, and apparel colors were compared and analyzed. As for the color analysis, it was performed by using the Korean Standard Color’s Color Analysis(KSCA) program. Results: Princess Jasmine's character orientation was completed with a new character who sought to become the Sultan of Agrabah by breaking away from a passive and male dependent woman. In the live action film, the eye shadow and lip color were changed to produce the angular eyebrows and clear eyes, while the hairstyle was changed to colorful accessories, braided hair, parting position, and upstyle, respectively. In the anime, blue is the primary color for apparel on the exposed tops and pants, and depending on the situation, a sexy image was created with the color of red. In the live action film, it was a formal dress and pants, while purple, gold, orange, and green were primarily used since the signature colors is blue green. Conclusion: The identity of Princess Jasmine's woman character has transformed from femininity to an entrepreneurial leader, and it is expected that the character analysis and research will continue to develop creative and original films when producing the live action films which recreate animation characters.
    Keyword:Women Characters, Disney's Animation, Aladdin, Live Action Film, Characteristics
  • Purpose: The primary purpose of this study is to quantitatively analyze the relationship between civil servants' satisfaction with flexible-work arrangement and their job satisfaction. In addition, another goal of this study is to verify the moderating effect of decision-making on the relationship between satisfaction with flexible-work system and job satisfaction. By doing so, this study is highly anticipated not only to contribute to the development of Korea’s quantitative research on flexible-work system, but also to provide implications for enhancing the effects of flexible-work arrangement from a practical point of view. Method: To verify the hypotheses of this study, the 2020 Public Employee Perception Survey data provided by the Korea Institute of Public Administration(KIPA) was used. The subjects of this survey are public officials from the central administrative agencies and metropolitan local governments. Variables included in the analysis model of this study include job satisfaction(dependent variable), satisfaction with flexible-work arrangement(independent variable), decision-making(control variable), gender, age, marital status, educational background, and position(control variable). Statistical analysis was performed to verify the moderating effect by validating the hypotheses through regression analysis. Results: As a result of the statistical analysis, civil servants with a higher level of satisfaction with their flexible-work arrangement were found to have a higher job satisfaction than their counterpart. Moreover, hypothesis testing on the moderating effect of decision-making on the relationship between satisfaction with flexible-work arrangement and job satisfaction verified a partial moderating effect of decision-making. In addition, older civil servants and married civil servants tend to have higher job satisfaction than each of their corresponding counterparts. Conclusion: In order to overcome the limitations of quantitative studies conducted on flexible-work arrangement in Korea, this study analyzed the quantitative relationship between satisfaction with flexible-work system and job satisfaction and confirmed a positive relationship between the two variables. In addition, the moderating effect of decision-making on the positive influential relationship between satisfaction with flexible-work arrangement and job satisfaction were verified. It suggests that in order to further strengthen the positive relationship between satisfaction with flexible-work system and job satisfaction, efforts need to be made to enhance the fairness and transparency of decision-making process within organizations.
    Keyword:Flexible-Work Arrangement, Satisfaction with Flexible-Work Arrangement, Job Satisfaction, Decision Making , Public Sector