Rational Hydrogen Society Review: From the Perspective of the National Infrastructure PROTECTION Plan(NIPP) in Korea
hydrogen economy through relevant plans and strategies. In order to revitalize the hydrogen economy, it is
necessary to add hydrogen-related matters to the National Infrastructure Protection Plan(NIPP) and to promote continuous stability for the national-level hydrogen infrastructure. This study aims to present direction
from a long-term perspective for the addition of NIPP to hydrogen infrastructure.
Method: This study reviews and recognizes the importance of efficient construction strategies for hydrogen
society. As an example, we analyze the case of Japan, which established a basic plan for hydrogen society before Korea. The factors for realizing the plan were analyzed by categorizing the contents into flexibility, adaptability, and reliability.
Results: We were able to find some implications through the case study. First, It is important to seek international cooperation for hydrogen supply and to respond flexibly to ensure that the plan is not disrupted in
order to realize a hydrogen society and to secure safety. Second, it is necessary to regularly revise and implement the roadmap over time so that the plan can adapt well to time. Thirdly, In order to reinforce the credibility of the plan, a risk communication plan to enhance Local Acceptance should be devised.
Conclusion: Korea cannot achieve empirical results simply by reducing carbon emissions and building an
eco-friendly hydrogen society. It is important to discover demand and monitor hydrogen-related infrastructure
integrally with potential stakeholders. In addition, social acceptance, including the central government, local
governments, and private businesses, is essential to improve the public's awareness and understanding of hydrogen society and to strategically rearrange hydrogen infrastructure. The establishment of the NIPP with the
addition of hydrogen social infrastructure will contribute to raising national interest and increasing public confidence in hydrogen safety
Exploring the Experiences of Automobile Manufacturing Workers Participating in Rehabilitation Exercise Programs after Industrial AccidentsPurpose: This study was analyzed with a qualitative research method by applying a phenomenological method to examine the experiences and perceptions and attitudes about health care of workers participating in rehabilitation exercises after suffering an industrial accident while working in the K automobile manufacturing industry in Korea. Method: As for the selection of research participants, a total of 12 participants were selected as the final re-search participants, including 1 female and 11 male, who could provide a wealth of information on the subject of the study. For data collection and analysis, Colaizzi's six-step analysis method was used to identify the participants' experiences and cognitive changes who participated in the rehabilitation program. Also, the participants' facial expressions and actions were recorded so that they could be used as additional observational data and reflected in the results of further research. Results: As a result of the study, 5 categories, 13 topic collections, 32 topics, and 97 construct meanings were finally confirmed. Specifically, the importance of strengthening the intrinsic motivation of the participants was emphasized in order to continuously practice health promotion after an industrial accident in the automobile manufacturing industry. In addition, it appears that a method of self-awareness of the necessity of exercise, giving fun of the complex program, and preventing and managing it in daily life is needed. Conclusion: The contents derived from the results of this study represent the changing perception of workers toward continuous health promotion management and improvement after an industrial accident. Through the research results, it was an opportunity to confirm the changing perception of health care among workers, and it is expected to be actively used in the future by developing rehabilitation exercise programs at the workplace in the automobile industry.Keyword:Automobile Manufacturing Industry, Workers, Rehabilitation Movement, Industrial Accident, Phenomenology
The Effect of Nursing Students' Efficacy, Fear, and Crisis Communication Skills on the COVID-19 Infection Prevention Activities Concerning the Importance of New Infectious Disease Response CapabilityPurpose: This study is a descriptive research study intended to confirm the effect of COVID-19 related efficacy of infection prevention activity, fear, and crisis communication skills on the importance of newly infectious disease response capability of the nursing students. Method: The subjects were 266 3rd and 4th year students enrolled in the Department of Nursing at a university located in City I of Province J. The data collection was conducted from June 14 to June 27, 2020, and the data analysis method was the SPSS/WIN 23.0 using frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, Independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and the multiple regression analysis was performed. Results: As a result of this study, the importance of newly infectious disease response capability turned out to have a statistically significant positive correlation with the efficacy of infection prevention activity, fear, and crisis communication skills. The importance of newly infectious disease response capability included the efficacy of infection prevention activity(β=.365, p<.001), crisis communication skills(β=.212, p<.001), and fear(β=.130, p<.001) .045), while the explanatory power was 30.0%. Conclusion: This study confirmed that the nursing students' COVID-19 related efficacy of infection prevention activity, fear, and crisis communication skills were the factors influencing the importance of newly infectious dis-ease response capability related to COVID-19. Among which, it is necessary to develop an infection prevention activity support program to strengthen the efficacy of infection prevention activity yielding the largest impact.Keyword:COVID-19, Efficacy of Infection Prevention Activity, Fear, Crisis Communication Ability, Importance of New Infectious Disease Response Capability
A Study on the Proposal of the Behavioral Principles for the Training of Korea Coast Guard in the Pandemic EraPurpose: This study proposes the Korea Coast Guard trainee behavior principle based on the value of the Korea Coast Guard in response to the Pandemic era. Through the proposed principle of action, we will provide philosophical standards for value judgment to members of the organization in various dilemma situations that Korea Coast Guard will face in the future. Recently, as a large number of young employees in various fields have been recruited in the Korea Coast Guard organizations, controversy has arisen due to the difference between the existing policies and the expectations of the younger generation. This means that the organization should make more efforts to establish and share the priority of organizational value to its members. Method: The Korea Coast Guard organizations have unique cultural characteristics that have been formed with unique history. This characteristic of the members is to examine the result of the formation of philosophical value of the Korea Coast Guard organization, along with the value policy of the Korea Coast Guard focusing on the educational regulations applied to the current students by the Korea Coast Guard Education Academy. As a research method of this paper, I would like to examine the behavior style required by members according to the unique characteristics of the Korea Coast Guard organizations in phenomenological aspects. The media press re-leases were used to maintain objective grounds among various problems caused by the characteristics of the Korea Coast Guard, and the internal voice of the organization was referred to the internal bulletin board of the Korea Coast Guard Agency. Results: As a conclusion of this study, based on the review of the philosophy and educational goals of the Korea Coast Guard organization. The principle of action is proposed 'Five Promises of Korea Coast Guard Students'. The proposed principle of student behavior is organized so that it can be applied to actual education center life from the perspective of the student. The first regulation of the prize and penalty for the students can be seen as a behavior that is supported and trusted by the people through 'honorable life' that helps others. Second, it emphazes that marine police will move toward a steady learning and effort as a guardian of the sea, along with the educational goal of 'trying to become an expert in the sea every moment' and prioritizing the expertise and practical skills. Third, the Coast Guard respect the human rights of the people who always keep their promises and do not follow injustice. Fourth, considering the spirit of public service value for the nation and the people that the result suitable for the public interest is more precious, overcoming the individual desire and discerning what is more suitable for the public interest is the value to be cultivated as a public official who serves the people after-ward, and above all, it can be wary of the situation that falls into the individualistic tendency, forgetting that he is a 'serviceman of the people'. Fifth, the direction of the challenge spirit shown in the 'expert in the ocean' that 'I am willing to challenge and overcome for a better future' and the future-oriented image that pursues the world's best pursued by educational goals can be confirmed. Conclusion: As such, this research suggests that the fundamental cause for this dilemmatic situation is on the absence of the values based on the organizational philosophies, and it is necessary for the organization to set up the operational methods based on its philosophical values taking into account the principles of action which are appropriate to the task of KCG(Korea Coast Guard). Also, this research asserts that the operation based on philosophical grounds contributes to the sequential positivity such as ‘psychological stability of the members’ and ‘creating hard working environments’ this will also help its members’ learning process and enhance the organization in general. The competence of KCG is the tool that leads to the safety, cleanliness and full of hope for our ocean. KCG has to possess the attitude that is challenging, creative and open that should be built upon its philosophical grounds for the long-term development of the organization. The result will be the achievement of public goods in the ocean and the safety of citizens.Keyword:Korea Coast Guard, KCG, Core-Value, Value-Based Organization, Action Based
Purpose: This study aims to examine the development direction of fire extinguishing education based on NCS on the teaching method of fire extinguishing education in the Navy. Fire extinguishment education is composed of basic education from basic remuneration to advanced education. Especially, since the Navy is mainly formed inside the ship composed of sealed compartments, fire extinguishing education is very important because there are such phenomena as Flameover, Backdraft, Flashover, Rollover, etc. except for special cases. And also, this study is focused on the fire extinguishing education for NCS-based education on beginner courses in the navy. Method: As a research method, the contents is developed focusing on literature review. At the same time, I work as a petty officer for 16 years and also consider the part that I actually experience as a field expert in the navy. Especially, I would like to propose an NCS-based education method that is used in most of the society in order to introduce the current fire extinguishment department in education and training. Results: In conclusion, the lecture-oriented education is still the most frequently conducted in our military. However, in order to promote the participation of learners through systematic education and training system based on NCS and job-specific education, which can be one of the field and lecture halls, and to apply it to the elementary fire-extinguishing education in the military, it is necessary to develop the NCS-based learning module together with the teaching and learning design and the teaching and learning process plan. Conclusion: Finally, the NCS learning module is designed to cultivate the ability to solve the job in case of exhibition or emergency. Therefore, it is effective for the students to diagnose the learning by preparing the result table and self-assessment checklist after the training and to perform grouping and individual practice according to the practice guide after the teacher provides the explanation and demonstration of the practice guide at the introduction of the class. In order to utilize the learning module effectively, teachers should thoroughly analyze the NCS to understand the contents and level of job ability required in the field work, and to have practical skills and expertise that can be used for performance evaluation. Especially, the new instructors should thoroughly analyze the contents of NCS related to the practical curriculum and prepare for the following matters in designing the teaching and learning process. The following research is to compare the satisfaction of NCS subject and NCS subject.Keyword:Fire Extinguishment, Fire Extinguishment Education, Education Training, National Competency Standards, National Competency Standards Education Method
A Study on the Prevention of Secondary Accidents Based on the Analysis of High-Speed Train AccidentsPurpose: Railroads are public transportation used by a large number of unspecified passengers, and the vehicle itself is large and very fast, so there is a lower probability of general accidents than road traffic, but once it occurs, it leads to a major accident, causing great human and property damage. In particular, high-speed railways running at 300km/h are obliged to realize the value of absolute safety, but in 2021, the number of high-speed rail-way accidents increased from 1 to 4 compared to the previous year, causing the reliability of railways to drop sharply. In order to prevent high-speed railway accidents through this, two aspects, primary accident prevention and secondary accident minimization, should be considered at the same time. Method: The study applied Heinrich's Law(Heinrich's Law), the principle of industrial safety, called the law of 1:29:300, in which dozens of minor accidents and hundreds of signs must appear before a major accident. In particular, it analyzed cases of high-speed railway accidents, which are major accidents among domestic railway accidents, and large-scale derailment accidents by overseas high-speed railway operators. One major accident is caused by hundreds of signs and repetitive and unconscious behaviors that cause the accident. Preemptive preventive measures are needed to prevent further major accidents from occurring on high-speed railways. Results: The causes of derailment accidents among high-speed train accidents in Korea were railroad workers' insensitivity to railway safety, lack of business cooperation between workers in different occupations, and lack of KORAIL safety management system. Overseas high-speed train accidents were derailment accidents in Germany, China, and France, which were also caused by railroad workers' ignorance and lack of safety management systems. In order for railway safety to become an absolute value, the need for train wireless protection was emphasized not only to preemptively prevent primary accidents but also to minimize secondary accidents. Conclusion: In this paper, train wireless protection devices were considered to prevent secondary accidents among railway safety fields. The train wireless protection devices warns other train engineers nearby to take emergency measures within a 2-4km radius when the engineer of the train presses the switch of the train protection device in the event of an emergency such as an accident during train operation. Railway accidents must continue to innovate the safety system for interfaces between sub-systems, so if train wireless protection devices are technically upgraded and systematic response algorithms are developed and applied to railway sites, it will be possible to block the "1" major accidents referred to in Heinrich's Law. In the future, empirical research on the con-tents of the study more requires experimental application considering the railway operation organization and operating environment.Keyword:Railroad, High-Speed Train, Railroad Accident, Accident Case, Secondary Accident
A Study on the Development of the Augmented Reality's Maintenance and Repairs Related Safety Manual according to the Risk Analysis of Power EquipmentPurpose: The complexity and safety of power facilities have increased very rapidly, yet efforts are insignificant in ensuring safety according to risks. Hence, the purpose of is, in order to help prevent safety accidents in advance, risk factors are listed through the risk analysis of power facilities, and to develop an augmented reality safety manual according to the improvement of risk scales to ensure the safety by conducting pre-simulation in the field and taking prompt response at the accident site. Method: By enumerating the risk factors simultaneously with the causal analysis for the failure together with the impact of the failure mode of the components forming the power generation facility system for which the design failure mode effect analysis(DFMEA) technique is applied, and by developing the augmented reality (AR) based software’s for maintenance and repairs based on the details of improvement as per the level of risk (RPN), the methodology for maintenance and repairs is presented due to the expansion of the infectious diseases in the era of contactless. Results: The development of augmented reality system(software) for maintenance implements the 2D and 3D facility exploded view and work manual, etc., which enable the actual work processes to be performed across various field environments according to emergency situations of power facilities, and the big data based field data, and through acquisition, it would be possible to establish a precision standard maintenance platform. Further-more, it is expected to have the effect of reducing the costs for accident prevention and maintenance work, and increasing the quality and quantity. Conclusion: Through this study, the safety of electric power facilities and a preventive method in emergency situations are presented. The software development through augmented reality(AR) through the Design Failure Mode Effect Analysis(DFMEA) can help prevent accidents and implement condition based maintenance plans in an integrated system, and hence, a high efficiency can be expected. It is considered that accuracy, reliability, and safety improvement are required in future papers through the addition of risk points and continuous development of diagnostic algorithm libraries.Keyword:Augmented Reality(AR), DFMEA, Power Equipment, Maintenance and Repairs, Software
Purpose: In the name of fear and prevention of corona infection, human society is branded as an infected individual or group. In serious infectious disease situations, the scapegoat of transferring tension and fear to some members of the community can cause dissociation and cultural trauma. The scapegoat violence, which is blamed for the expectation of collective psychological purification, lives in an era of confusion that requires a healthy alternative. Therefore, in this situation, this study aims to examine the implications of human and psychological trauma to us from a historical point of view. Method: Modern times, violence that eludes and condemns some members because of the expectation of collective psychological cleanup is living in an era of confusion that requires healthy alternatives. This study is to examine previous studies and data related to trauma and to suggest the implications of trauma phenomenon in the pandemic era. Results: We are part of a post-trauma society, as is society, where individuals and societies who have experienced violence and trauma are overwhelmed by fear. It is undoubtedly true that the Pandemic era increases the frequency and intensity of depression and anxiety in humans, as it causes “group trauma” in many people. Personal trauma is an emotional wound that begins with a shocking event that occurred to one person or a small number of people. On the other hand, collective trauma is a trauma that occurs because of the shock of society as a whole, not an individual or a small number. Trauma is widely understood as a variety of psychological and spiritual wounds in large and small forms experienced in everyday life. If this concept of broadness is premised, trauma can happen to anyone, anytime, anywhere, in various contexts of life. After the fall of mankind, constant war, natural disasters and talent, terrorism, and social oppression have left untouchable scars on many people. The core of trauma relief(therapy) is to restore the relationship through the recovery of broken communication, and it is necessary to provide in-depth support with interest at the national level. In addition, it is necessary to approach trauma from a phenomenological point of view and to make it possible to understand the victim more generally considering the sociocultural context intertwined with the complex life and experience of the victim experiencing trauma as a de-evidence paradigm. Conclusion: This study suggests implications for the meaning of social human and psychological trauma to us in the current Pandemic situation and also it is expected to be a basic foundation for in-depth papers that can lead to follow-up studies.Keyword:Trauma, Pandemic, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Trauma Therapy, Phenomenological Approach
Purpose: Korea has a climate with significant seasonal variation in precipitation. There were often difficulties in the agricultural season due to the lack of rainfall. Since ancient times, many reservoirs have been built for irrigation facilities. This study aims to suggest utilization plans by analyzing the size, population of the surrounding area, the surrounding ecological grade, and accessibility for the functionally lost reservoirs. Method: Researchers analyzed 155 reservoirs with loss of function and low utilization among reservoirs in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. The reservoir size was classified based on the total storage amount of 50,000m3, and the surrounding area's population was based on 10,000 people. The ecological grade around reservoirs was based on the ecological and natural map of the Ministry of Environment, and the accessibility was classified based on road networks connected around reservoirs. Results: As a result of analyzing the functionally lost reservoirs by size, 10 places belonged to the 'upper' group, and 145 places belonged to the 'lower' group. By surrounding area's population, 28 places belonged to the 'up-per' group, and 127 places belonged to the 'lower' group. By surrounding ecological grade, 93 places belonged to the 'upper' group, and 62 places belonged to the 'lower' group. By accessibility, 59 places belonged to the 'upper' group, and 96 places belonged to the 'lower' group. Conclusion: The 8 reservoirs can be used as water-friendly reservoirs with easy access. The 3 reservoirs can be used as leisure types with sufficient size. It would be able to use 11 ecological experience type sites and 79 ecological preservation type sites, considering nearby conditions. The 48 reservoirs can be used to supply electricity to nearby households. The 6 reservoirs can be used as an emergency type for drought. In this study, the utilization types of reservoirs were classified according to various conditions. However, as these are only a rough guide for the direction of reservoir use, further research is needed to refine the utilization plans or find alternatives according to the characteristics of each reservoir.Keyword:Reservoir, Loss of Function, Water-Friendly Type, Ecological Experience Type, Ecological Preservation Type
Human Rights Issues in North Korea and the Residents’ Defection: An Analysis of Job Involvement according to the Period of Service of the South Korean Security PolicePurpose: The purpose of this study is to validate the difference in the effectiveness of the police on job involvement based on their work experiences in order to validate the effectiveness of the security police who directly make contacts with the North Korean defectors as a solution to various problems and conflicts. Method: In this study, among police officers in the security department as of 2020 who had experience in work related North Korean defectors, 100 trainees in the Police Human Resources Development Institute were surveyed via self-administration method. Among the collected survey questionnaires, 91 were selected as valid samples, excluding those whose answers were incomplete or missing. Results: As a result of the study, there was no statistically significant difference demonstrated in terms of the difference in job involvement according to the total length of police service. Furthermore, as a result of the analysis performed on the difference in terms of the police’s job involvement according to security and service period, there was no statistically significant difference in total security, service period, and job involvement. Conclusion: It turned out that there was no statistical difference in terms of the perception of job involvement between the total police’s service period, security and service period, which. means that serving for a long time in the police or security department does not affect the responsibility, effort, and voluntary participation in the job. That is, since there is no difference in the perception of job involvement based on experiences, it is apparent that the factors affecting job involvement by various factors including working environment, performance measurement, and fatigue ought to be developed. Furthermore, this study looks forward to the lives of the North Koreans whose freedom and human rights are guaranteed by the collapse of the North Korean dictatorship.Keyword:Human Rights, North Korean Defectors, South Korean Security Police, Period of Service, Job Involvement
A Study on Confucius' Dialogue in the Analects and Application to Coaching 5 Steps Models: Exploring Vale-Oriented Coaching LearningPurpose: According to the needs of the times, the role and ability of the facilitator to help learners demonstrate their abilities as coaches in the education field is being emphasized. Coaching is helping coach and coachee through interaction with each other and helping growth. Coaching is conducted by applying various skills such as motivation for learning, effective questions, and feedback. Therefore, in order for coaching to be well done, it is necessary to approach according to the opponent and special coaching skills is needed. We try to find the answer in the conversation between Confucius and his disciples, who pursued change and growth. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out whether the Confucius coaching dialogue method and the coaching 5 STEPS model in 『The Analects』 can be applied as a 'coaching learning method' and to find a value-oriented education method. Method: Confucius was not a knowledge transfer education method but a comprehensive humanistic wisdom, and was the leader in receiving and cultivating humanistic wisdom. It is worth discussing what Confucius' story in Analects is giving meaning to the current era in relation to the theme of value-oriented coaching learning method, and the researcher reconstructed and conducted the 5-step model of CMOE coaching among various coaching learning methods. The contents and methods of this study were analyzed by the four elements of the coaching 5 STEPS model based on the conversation meth-od in the argument: question, listening, recognition, and feedback. And the coaching 5 STEPS model proceeded with step-by-step support, topic confirmation, accident expansion, solutions, and action check. Results: Confucius in 『The Analects』 gives different answers to the same question by grasping the dispositions, attitudes, and academic maturity of his disciples through questions and answers through active listening. We provide feedback with recognition and praise through education tailored to the level of our students. And we enjoy learning together, and we lead our disciples to change and grow by reflecting through learning. As such, Confucius' dialogue method combines the coaching five-step model to show the applicability of today's coaching learning methods. In other words, in an era of limitless competition and uncertainty, it answers the questions of how to study and how to teach, and guides the way to find a value-oriented educational method that makes learning enjoyable. Conclusion: Through this thesis, Confucius' dialogue method can be applied to coaching education, and it suggests a way to find a value-oriented education method by answering the learning method suitable for the times. In addition, Analects are reinterpreted beyond the scope of classical texts, indicating that education suitable for the modern paradigm is possible.Keyword:Conversation Method of Confucius, Confucius in Analects, Coaching, Coaching Learning, 5-Step Model