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  • Purpose; CD(Celiac Disease) is a genetic disease caused by gluten, which is one of the most common diseases among modern people. The only way to prevent this is by eating gluten-free foods. Our rice, which is a main food, is a popular food. It is thought that it is appropriate to use this rice for the development of gluten - free food because it is made from such high. In this study, we tried to measure muffin quality, texture, color and sensory evaluation by using puffed rice. For the preparation of puffed rice muffins, first add the puffed rice flour, baking powder, sugar and salt, water was added and mixed at low speed to complete the dough(23 ± 1 °C). The puffed rice muffin was prepared by placing 70 g of dough in a muffin cup (7.5×4 cm) and baking in a preheated oven at 200 °C and 200 °C for 20 minutes. After cooling, it was used for the experiment. The hardness of the muffins added with puffed rice was significantly lower than that of the muffins prepared with wheat flour. The chewiness and hardness were significantly lower as the amount of puffed rice was increased, and the number of muffins prepared with puffed rice was the lowest among the samples. The results of the color measurement of muffins showed that the lightness decreased significantly with the increase of the amount of expanded rice. The sensory evaluation showed that PM2 produced by adding 50% puffed rice flour and 50% wheat flour was the best, and the taste of muffin was PM1 added with puffed rice 25% were significantly higher than the other samples. Therefore, PM2 with 50% puffed rice flour and 50% wheat flour were most preferred. Therefore, it has been found that the preparation of muffins by adding puffed rice is preferable to consumers' preference, and it is thought that it will be useful for the development of gluten free products, and various products using puffed rice should be developed.
    Keyword:Safety, Gluten, Muffin, Puffed Rice, Sensory Evaluation
  • Equality between men and women is one of the social questions that will sustain as long as sex based discrimination remains unchanged. Various approaches have been made from many different aspects to do away with it. All this notwithstanding, it remains a sensitive issue until now, indicating that all approaches so far made are of no avail with immanent limits. Furthermore, there has lately been a transformation in national leadership from government initiation to the joint participation of the government and civil society, both of which having its own respective role in what may be called participatory reform. Likewise, all social sectors are to join in recognizing, sorting and redressing social issues at hand From this point of view, "a gender equal community" is suggested in this study as a means of resolving the structural and sustaining issue of inequality between men and women under communalism. To provide a theoretical background, the details of the proposed community of gender equality a re discussed on the basis of communalism. This is to realize a society in which men and women stand on an equal footing. This study signifies a new approach as has never been attempted to tackle the problem of gender inequality, though the model presented here is of an initiative nature
    Keyword:Social Crisis, Communalism Gender Equality, Gender Equal Community Local Autonomy
  • When measurin g relative renal function ratio (RRFR) in nuclear medicine tests, radiation is usually counteding a posterior detector. However, when there is a difference in the depth of the left and right kidneys, counting of the radiation using only the posterior detector may result in a lower counting rate of the deeply located kidneys. In this study, we investigate d the usefulness of geometric mean in measuring the RRFR by applying a geometric mean after counting radiation using the anterior posterior detector when the depths of the left and right kidneys are different. Kidney model studies and clinical studies were performed using the Symbia T16 gamma camera system to obtain anterior and posterior images. For RRFR calculations, RRFR was measured by applying arithmetic mean, once with information only counted by the posterior detector. Again, with the information cou nted by the anterior and posterior detectors, the geometric mean was applied to measure the RRFR. The results of the kidney model study were y = 0.23 + 0.38x, R 2 = 0.986 (p = 0.000), and the clinical results were y = 0.25 + 0.16x and R 2 = 0.82 3 (p = 0.000). It can be seen that as the depth difference of the elongation increases, the function ratio of the deeply located elongation increases gradually among the RRFRs in which the geometric mean is applied with the information counted by the anterior and posterior detectors. In kidney examinations conducted by the nuclear medicine department, the RRFR is generally measured using only the posterior detector. However, when the RRFR was measured using the geometric mean with the information from the anterior and posterior detectors, it was confirmed that the function ratio of the deeply located kidney rises. The above results suggest that the attenuation between the kidney and the detector is corrected. For patients with different depths of the left and right kidneys, it would be useful to measure the RRFR by applying a geometric mean with the both detectors.
    Keyword:Nuclear Medicine Safety , Kidney Model, MAG3 Renal S can, Geometric Mean, Relative Renal Function
  • The subgrade modulus is an important parameter in the railway safety and the analysis of the behavior of a ballasted track. However, because such analyses often use the design subgrade moduli, their results seldom agree with those of finite element(FE) analyses, which use the theoretically determined subgrade moduli. Moreover, it is difficult to experimentally determine the subgrade modulus and spring stiffness of an in-service track because track components such as the ballast, sleepers, and rails are installed over the subgrade. In this study, the subgrade modulus of an in-service ballasted track was estimated by measuring the dynamic response of the track for railway safety. The subgrade modulus was further predicted from a proposed subgrade modulus map developed from the results of field tests and empirical equations for comparison with the design value. The rail displacement of the ballasted track was also predicted by an FE model that considers the spring stiffness at the rail support point, which includes the subgrade stiffness. It was confirmed that the subgrade modulus of an in-service ballasted track could be reliably predicted on the basis of the dynamic wheel load and rail displacement using the proposed subgrade modulus map.
    Keyword:Railway Safety, Ballasted Track, Subgrade Modulus, Field Test, Finite Element Analysis