About the Journal

  1. Moment is the time when a Multidisciplinary Journal is needed as the phenomenon of international change of mankind is occurring in a complex way.
  2. Publisher is specialized in the field of Multidisciplinary Science, and this journal is also an Interdisciplinary Journal, covering all academic fields related to Robotics & AI Ethics in all fields of research.
  3. The Biggest Feature, it can be said that an approach in various fields related to the Robotics & AI Ethics is key.
  4. At the core, It addresses, analyzes, and provides direction to Robotics & AI Ethics issues that are being discussed Internationally.

Aims & Scope

Area 1 Multidisciplinary
Area 2 Education & Educational Research
Area 3 Robotics

Open Access, Citation & Index

Area 1 KCI (Korea Citation Index)
Area 2 ROAD
Area 4 EBSCO
Area 5 ProQuest
Area 6 Exribris
Area 7 Google Scholar

Latest Articles


  • Purpose: Rules of Engagement(ROE) refer to rules or directives that define the circumstances, conditions, extent, manner, etc. of the application of force or action that can be considered provocative by the armed forces. ROE do not explain how results are achieved, but rather indicate what judgments are unacceptable. Focusing this, the purpose of this study is to propose an Instructional Systems Design(ISD) configured to reflect ethics in AI’s ROE learning for future warfare. Method: This study uses Development Research Method for develop and propose an ISD. ISD refers to the creation of guidelines into smaller units of teaching or learning. If some guidelines are created for such ISD, it would set the composition and application of ROE, and AI will learn that guidelines through deep learning. And the AI makes a decision with this in the hypothetical dilemma situation where the application of the ROE is requested. Finally, human experts review and supplement the learning results of these neural networks. The sophistication of the AI’s learning and applying ROE would be achieved by feeding back this result to the ISD. Results: This study understands that ROE would also be essential for AI or AI-equipped military robot systems. In this process, AI performs the task of making judgments related to applying ROE, which is the principle of action in specific situations. To do this, Ai’s deep learning first collects necessary information and makes decisions based on it. Next, the results of this learning are applied in a new hypothetical dilemma situation. Finally, human experts' evaluation and feedback on the results are continuously made. This series of processes can be presented as a model of ISD oriented towards the moral development of AI. Conclusion: AI’s ROE learning converges to the learning of moral values. It focuses on the cognitive aspect of morality. Therefore, it would be possible to refine the cognitive moral judgment of deep learning by applying the learning hierarchy of taxonomy of educational objects and the logical test of validity of moral judgment oriented toward social justice. And the moral development of the neural network can be performed by modifying and complementing the results of human experts and feeding them back.
    Keyword:Artificial Intelligence, Military, Rules of Engagement, Ethics, Instructional Systems Design
  • Purpose: This study aims to inquiry the trend of Entrepreneurial Marketing(EM) from the 1987 advent of EM to 2021. We feature how marketing and entrepreneurship interface has evolved over about the past thirty years. Furthermore we will show the some suggestion for EM in the era of Multicultural Metaverse. Method: For the research procedure, the search term EM was searched as the title keyword of entrepreneurial marketing. The research history of EM was about 30 years. The papers were researched for three decades from 1987 to 2021. Results: As a result of the survey, out of a total of 155 papers in the SCOPUS journals, an oversea’s journal site, and 1 article from the RISS in domestic journal. The papers were researched for three periods in 10-year increments. As a result of the survey, out of a total of 155 papers from the SCOPUS journal site, an overseas journal site, 4 papers from 1987 to 1999, 21 papers from 2000 to 2009, 101 papers from 2010 to 2019, 27 papers from 2020 alone, and 2 papers from Jan. 2021. Each papers includes the chronical characteristic of EM. Conclusions: Each decade is characterized by the vision and leadership of representative researchers and their influence on the development and growth of EM. Lately, EM belongs to the growth step of the life cycle. EM has gained significant scholars and practitioners’ attention due to its strong effect on organizational sustainability leading to creating the value.
    Keyword:Co-Creating, Entrepreneurial Marketing(EM), Multicultural Metaverse, Business Opportunity, Sustainability
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of AI and child life guidance subject on pre-service teachers. Method: AI and child life guidance subject was conducted for one year. The feeling of contents of AI and child life guidance subject was investigated, the opinions of the students and the experience of operating the curriculum for children's life guidance for decades. The instructional design was reconstructed. AI and child life guidance subject was applied for one semester to 40 third - year university students attending , 10 of them were selected as research participants. For data collection, in-depth interviews were conducted with the 10 students who experienced. Qualitative content analysis were collected the opinions of the students and the experience to closely examine their thoughts and attitudes Results: Pre-service teachers reported the importance of AI and child life guidance subjects. They understood the AI robot to be used in the field well, acknowledged the value of the robot as an assistant teacher, and said that the method of cooperating with the robot is a future-ready capability. It was said that the AI movie seemed to have provided the motivation for the learning contents of AI and children's life guidance. Children's life guidance learning using robots became interested in the children's life guidance subject. Conclusion: First, If the teacher's competency of using robots, which is an assistant tool for tutors, is developed, pre-service teachers will be able to grow further in the AI era through efforts such as fostering professionalism, teachers should be nurtured to provide guidance by using big data of AI to focus on expanding children's thinking and social relationships. supporting children's thinking expansion, and providing positive life guidance. Second, In accordance with the direction of AI education policy, teachers should be nurtured to provide guidance by using big data of AI to focus on expanding children's thinking and social relationships. Third, A teacher's ability to guide children's life with delicate sensitivity that cannot be aided by robots will be an effective way to guide children's life. The use of robots will enable customized guidance for each child. Fourth, Teachers should develop the capacity of life guidance for child-led interaction to promote the development of children's autonomy. Fifth, Teachers should have an opportunity to check the political and cultural context of teaching-learning through self-reflection because the value and belief system of teachers also affect the interaction with children.
    Keyword:Artificial Intelligence, Child, Life Guidance, Pre-Service Teacher, Instructional Design
  • Purpose: This study aims to examine and understand the effect of immersive learning in poetry writing by using VR games to enhance the creativity of Generation Z. Method: To examine and understand which emotions among the positive and negative emotions the participating students experienced with respect to playing the VR games, the PANAS scale was used for the investigation. Also, this case study was carried out where a semi-structured interview was conducted to examine and understand the effect of immersive learning for poetry writing to foster creativity via VR games. Results: As a result of the investigation conducted via the PANAS scale, it turned out that the Generation Z students experienced positive affection(PA) for the immersive learning via the VR games, and experienced nearly no negative affection(NA). Plus, a semi-structured interview was conducted to examine and understand the immersive learning effect of the participating students. Keywords were extracted from the transcribed interview details by the inducive coding. The extracted themes are 1 fun, 2)collaborative problem solving, and 3)creativity. Conclusion: As the interest in the “metaverse”, which refers to the world of virtual reality has heightened, many of Generation Z are visible as they engage in even economic activities there. It is necessary to pay more attention to designing the learning experience of Generation Z by combining the unique experiences of virtual reality with creativity education. In this respect, it would be worth noting that the opportunities for research findings that the powerful experiential learning provided through immersive learning had a positive effect on the creative poetry writing activity in this study, and such discovery opportunities are quite educationally meaningful.
    Keyword:VR Game, Immersive Learning, Creativity, Generation Z Students, Poetry Writing
  • Purpose: In this study, as an opportunity for the active health maintenance, the relationship of perception of participation on the self-directed learning attitude has been analyzed and investigated targeting the women senior citizens who have performed the Health Qigong program. Method: According to the judgement sampling method and the convenience sampling method, the women senior citizens participating in Health Qigong in Seoul, Korea, were selected as the participants, and 183 units of data were used for the analysis. As for the data processing, the multi-way ANOVA was performed to learn about the differences in the program participation according to the educational and athletic background of the women senior citizens, and the multiple regression analysis was performed to validate the influence of the perception and self-directed learning. The statistical level was validated at p<.05. Results: First, the differences between the perception of participation and the self-directed learning according to educational background and athletic experience, which are the background variables, were examined. Physical and social factors demonstrated significant differences for the educational background, and the self-directed learning demonstrated significant differences in the learning initiative, learning attachment, and the problem-solving skill factors. Second, among the results of the multiple regression analysis performed, and among the variables for the women senior citizens' perception of program participation for the self-directed learning, the physical and educational perceptions turned out to be significant, and the psychological and social perception turned out to be statistically insignificant. Conclusion: Health Qigong should be actively used for health promotion in the old age, and the integrated self-directed learning promotion program ought to be prepared to help increase the exercise participants' perception of participation and adequately demonstrate their inner characteristics.
    Keyword:Health Qigong, Women Senior Citizens, Perception, Self-Directed Learning, Experience

Publishing Schedule

Submission 1/20 4/20 7/20 10/20
Editorial Review 1/30 4/30 7/30 10/30
Double Blind Peer Review 2/20 5/20 8/20 11/20
Review-Form Reflection Review 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
Accepted 2/25 5/25 8/25 11/25
Manuscript Editing Review 2/30 5/30 8/30 11/30
Scientific Proofreading <15th> <15th> <15th> <15th>
Open & Hybrid Review 3/15 6/15 9/15 12/15
Published 3/30 6/30 9/30 12/30



󠇛Gyunyeol Park

Gyeongsang National University, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editorial Advisory Boards

Taewoong Kim General Affairs Gyeongsang National University, ROK
Bongmin Lee Intelligence Korea National Open University, ROK
Eunju Jang Management Sunmoon University, ROK
Kukjeong Hwang Planning Gyeongsang National University, ROK
Euna Yang International Seoul National University, ROK

Managing Editor

Junghye Fran Choi

Cyber University of Korea, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editorial Review Boards

Woonsil Ko Sunmoon University, ROK
Youlim Lee Yewon Arts University, ROK

Editor in Chief

Hyunsoo Kim

Pusan National University, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Executive Editors

󠇛Aeri Lee

Catholic Kwandong University, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Daeun Han

Gwangju National University of Education, ROK
[Curriculum Vitae]

Associate Editor Boards

Bongje Kim Seoul National University of Education, ROK
Wonseok Bang Gyeongsang National University, ROK

Assistant Editor Boards

Raymond D. Partin Florida International University, USA
Xi Haixu Jiangsu University of Technology, China
Naok Hirata Okinawa Recovery Center, Japan
Alistair Harkness Federation University Australia, Australia
Helen Johnston University of Hull, UK
Melany Natividad Saint Louis University, Philippines


JUN. 23 National Tax Service of Republic of Korea (493-92-00207)
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 19 International Journal of Justice & Law (ISSN 2324-8767)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (378 Tenjinchou Kamimaruko Nakaharaku Kawasakishi Kangawhken Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier Enrollment (DOI)
Google Scholar
2019 APR. 23 EBSCO
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
MAY. 15 Infobase Index
JUN. 30 Journal Publication Change Address (2-20-7 Arakawa Arakawaku Tokyo Japan)
DEC. 30 International Journal of Justice & Law Title Alteration: Robotics & AI Ethics (ISSN 2435-3345)
2020 NOV. 02 KCI (Korea Citation Index)
2021 JUL. 01 Journal Publication Change Address (59, Cheongsu-ro 24-gil, Suseong-gu, Daegu, Republic of Korea)