About the Journal

  1. We present the results of multilateral research and in-depth analysis in the fields of crime, terrorism, and national security in Northeast Asia, an internationally renowned buffer state. It also sheds light on the perspectives of Asian researchers on international issues. Policies built on strategic analysis predict tomorrow’s success or failure, but go further and change our lives for the better in the distant future. This strategic analysis of crime, terrorism, and national security in East Asia diagnoses the era and presents the future so that insightful interpretation can be approached practically.
  2. Detail with a multidisciplinary perspective from the approach of coexistence of the international community of the occurrence of terrorism.

Aims & Scope


Latest Articles


  • Purpose: The modern police of the Republic of Korea today were established in Shanghai on April 11, 1919 by the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, and moved to various areas of China for 27 years until the liberation of the country in 1945 for independence movement. In the face of such hardship, the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea needs to be aware of the police organization and activities of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, which belongs to the Ministry of Interior as head of administration. Method: The Civil Affairs Bureau of the Ministry of Home Affairs, the head of the administration of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea, confirmed through literature evidence that Kim Gu was the apex and tried to change the organization while breaking through the crisis. The police organization of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was active in 1919 with the Police Department and Yeong-Tong-je, 1923 with the Police Department, 1941 with the Guards, and with the 1943 with the Police Department, referring to the Baekbeom Ilji, the National History Compilation Committee, the National Police Agency documents, and the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea data book. Results: The focus of this study is to give the meaning of finding the issue of Police Day and the legitimacy of the police. The result suggested by this study was an opportunity to overcome the dark period of loss of the country signed by the Eulsa Treaty in 1910 by examining the organizational structure of the Police Department of the Korean Empire and the Police Department of the Provisional Government of the Provisional Government in the Joseon Dynasty. Conclusion: It was judged that it could affect the continuity of the current Korean police, and research was conducted. Also, in response to the common truth that 'as long as there is a state, there is a police', the police organization of the Provisional Government did not change its name even during the Japanese imperialism period. It calls for the existence of a police that is directed towards
    Keyword:Provisional Government Police Organization of the Republic of Korea, Police Department, Conscripted Police Force(Ui-Gyeong-Dae), Contact System(Yeong-Tong-Je), Guards(Gyeong-Wi-Dae)
  • Purpose: Since 1947, India and Pakistan have been at war, competing for nuclear weapons, and at odds with terrorism. The cause of the conflict between the two countries begins with the recognition of the substance of Muslims due to the British separation of the Indian subcontinent. The Indian government's political discrimination against Muslims led by the National Congress has resulted in Pakistan's independence promoted by the Islamic League, and since the independence of Pakistan, the two countries have maintained a conflict at the expense of many people. Method: There were four wars between the two countries. The war provocation was by Pakistan. Among them, we will look at the three wars that Pakistan started, and analyze the results of the Indo-Pakistan war and international relations. It also looks at how state-sponsored terrorism and nuclear development are affecting both countries in situations of military and economic asymmetry. Results: In the 20th century, the people of the Indian continent united to escape British colonial rule. However, as the political conflict between Hindus and Muslims was expressed, it was divided into two countries during the independence of independence. The fact that the territory was divided and no clear border was drawn for the Kashmir region became the seed of conflict. In addition, as India developed nuclear weapons due to security concerns about neighboring countries, Pakistan also attempted to develop nuclear weapons, and the conflict be-tween the two countries reached its peak. The interested countries of the two countries adopt diplomatic and military policies of support and acquiescence according to their calculation methods. Conclusion: The conflict in the Indian continent is a typical legacy of colonial rule. The great powers used ethnic confrontation to rule the colonies, and the borders were drawn by compromise between the great powers without the consent of the local indigenous people, causing conflict in the future conflicts. The Indian continent has not deviated from this formula either. At this point, the intervention of the great powers could induce a temporary ceasefire rather than coordinating a lasting peace. The problem of ethnic, cultural, and religious discrimination that is not resolved domestically is bound to be a long-term task.
    Keyword:Kashmir Conflict, Nuclear Development, Terrorism, National Congress, Muslim League
  • Purpose: The war crimes allegedly committed against the civilian population in Ukraine by Russian military forces has generated multiple detrimental outcomes. Due to these war crimes, Russia was suspended from the United Nations Human Rights Council(UNHRC) as of April 2022. Russia’s alleged war crimes currently are under-going thorough investigations by the UNHRC’s Commission of Inquiry. The current humanitarian situation in war-devastated Ukraine has been somewhat under researched. Method: This paper employs the Responsibility to Protect(R2P) theory to examine the present and future of potential application of R2P in Ukraine. Based on resources from the R2P and human rights related research by the US government, the UN and its agencies, scholars, and experts, This article analyzes the failure of Russia to ob-serve the principle of distinction between civilians and combatants as required by the Geneva Conventions, war-affected citizens in Ukraine, as well as potential application of the Responsibility to Protect(R2P) and its implication that the international community has a duty to protect civilians against Russian aggressions. Results: The paper finds that the potential application of R2P in Ukraine will likely face some operational challenges within the UNSC, the potential application of R2P seems feasible as it is both legitimate and justifiable action in accordance with the international law. The actual application of R2P should however carefully be considered since the nature of use of force- often does more harm than good. The potential application of R2P might result in more harm to civilians if additional casualties are generated. Conclusion: The international community should employ additional countermeasures such as added economic sanctions. Pressure should be brought to bear until Russia decides to refrain from war and negotiate a peace be-tween Russia and Ukraine. The potential application of R2P in Ukraine should therefore be most carefully considered and maybe used as a last resort, to avoid and prevent a potential Third World War in coming months.
    Keyword:The Responsibility to Protect(R2P), Humanitarian Law, Human Rights, Ukraine, Russia
  • Purpose: This paper intends to examine the background of Putin's invasion of Ukraine and to find out the implications of the Ukrainian situation on the Korean Peninsula. President Vladimir Putin has long ruled Russia by turning it into a powerful totalitarian country. At the heart of Putin's neo Eurasian policy are the construction of the Eurasian Empire, the establishment of centralization, opposition to Western values, and hostility to the United States advocating Russia's religion and traditional values. Influenced by Lugin's philosophy, Putin had a huge vision to build a Eurasian empire to undermine U.S. hegemony by integrating former Soviet countries with Eastern Europe and putting EU countries under the protection of Russia. Method: This paper analyzes the political implications of Ukraine’s crisis on the Korean Peninsula by using Tucker’s political leadership processes. Robert C. Tucker suggests the political leadership process as an authoritative diagnosis of the situation, preparing policy alternatives to solve problems, and mobilization of support to achieve it. Russia implemented a gray zone strategy to achieve its goal of restoring the lost territory in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Results: North Korea successfully launched allegedly a Hwaseong-17 intercontinental ballistic missile on March 24, 2022. North Korea can also try to provoke hybrid warfare by benchmarking Russia, and the expected types of provocations are information warfare, cyber warfare, diplomatic warfare, and special warfare by demonstrating nuclear capability. The threat to hybrid warfare by North Korea includes nuclear weapons, special forces, and cyber-attacks by the strong centralized command control. Conclusion: First, the peace process on the Korean Peninsula is expected to be difficult. Under the Ukrainian cri-sis, China and Russia are working together to keep the global influence of the United States in check. The United States cannot seek China's cooperation in the peace process on the Korean Peninsula. Because the United States is preparing a secondary boycott on China which helps Russia. Secondly, the arms race between the two Koreas will accelerate. North Korea, using Ukraine as a lesson, is stepping up its test-firing of ICBM and tactical nuclear weapons tests to strengthen its self-defense capabilities. In preparation for such heightened tensions in North Korea, South Korea needs to cooperate with the US and maintain close cooperation with its allies. Third, we should prepare for the possibility of North Korea imitating Russia's hybrid war against Ukraine. North Korea is likely to carry out intelligence warfare, cyber warfare, diplomatic warfare, and special warfare using gray zone strategies.
    Keyword:Ukrainian Crisis, Hybrid Warfare, Neo-Eurasianism, Greyzone, Strategy
  • Purpose: To compare and analyze the differences in the purpose, class structure, and the organization of the police in North and South Koreas. Thereafter, an analysis was performed as to how West Germany and East Ger-many completed their integration, each of which had adopted different police systems, among the overseas cases. The purpose of this analysis is to present a standardized integration plan for the integration of the North and South Korean police organizations and the integration of police laws based on this analysis. Method: Based on a review of the previous studies related to the integration plan of the North and South Korean police after unification, a case analysis of how the police force was operated and integrated during the unification process in Germany, and a comparison of the purpose, class structure, number of people, and organizational structure of the North and South Korean police The differences between the North and South Korean police organizations and police laws were analyzed accordingly. Results: As examined in the case of police integration in Germany, it was possible to recognize the different circumstances, such as the history and purpose of the police in North and South Koreas, and find out the issues that could arise in the process of integration, so that the Koreans could come up with a plan for integrating the police organization and the police system between the two Koreas. Conclusion: After the unification, for the unification of the South and North Korean police, trans-fer to general administrative agencies, such as railways and resident registration, which the North Korean police are in charge of. will need to be strengthened.
    Keyword:North Korean Police, Social Safety, Police System, Police Law, Police Integration

Publishing Schedule

Submission 4/30
Editorial Review 5/10
Double Blind Peer Review 5/30
Review-Form Reflection Review 6/10
Accepted 6/20
Manuscript Editing Review 6/30
Scientific Proofreading 7/30
Open & Hybrid Review 8/10
Published 8/30

♦ Issues Per Year: Annual


Head of Editorial Organization / President

Sungtaek Cho

Sunmoon University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Manager of Editorial Operator (MEO)

Woosuk Yun

Keimyung University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editorial Review Boards / Vice President

Namseol Baek Korean National Police University, KOR
Youngjun Jo Sangmyung University, KOR
Chungsik Yu Incheon Metropolitan City Social Economy Support Center, KOR
Sunggu Jo Kyungwoon University, KOR
Wendy Dressler Florida International University, USA
LaPrade Jennifer Missouri State University, USA

Editor in Chief

Jiwon Yun

Sangmyung University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Executive Editors

Eunkee Kim

Paichai University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Jina Choi

Hyupsung University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Associate Editor Boards

Taemin Kim Kyungnam University, KOR
Youseok Lim Kunsan National University, KOR
Seungjoo Lee Halla University, KOR
Kaeun Kim Korean National Police University, KOR
Laura Stoelers University of Malaga, USA
Raymond D. Partin Florida International University, USA
Linlin Wnag Shanghai University, China

Editorial Advisory Boards / Research Ethics Committee (REC)

Hoyeun Youn General Affairs Daewon University College, KOR
Taeyoung Yoon Intelligence Kyungnam University, KOR
Chiyoung Lee Management Yongin University, KOR
Gunwoong Yeom Planning U1 University, KOR
Jintea Han International Dongguk University, KOR
Full-time Professional Editing


JUN. 23 National Tax Service of Republic of Korea (493-92-00207)
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 19 International Journal of Terrorism & National Security (ISSN 2423-8376)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier Enrollment (DOI)
Google Scholar
2019 APR. 23 EBSCO
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
MAY. 15 Infobase Index
2020 NOV. 02 KCI (Korea Citation Index)

Abstracting & Indexing