About the Journal

  1. The humanities and arts in Asia, which started with the Korean wave, has developed day by day into a high value-added industry through global growth. As a core value of human protection, it is a field that requires expertise and creativity in a more complex background, such as highly professional yet increasingly complex academic knowledge and rapidly changing technology, for the revitalization and academic development of humanities and arts. We are approaching those who love this field internationally by accepting contemporary East Asian culture and phenomena from the perspective of protection and convergence.
  2. Moment is the time when a multidisciplinary journal is needed as the phenomenon of international change of mankind is occurring in a complex way.
  3. Human protection-related issues in the fields of life, humanities and arts from a multidisciplinary perspective.

Aims & Scope

Area 1 Multidisciplinary
Area 2 Beauty & Healthcare
Area 3 Humanities Other Topics

Latest Articles


  • Purpose: The pursuit of beauty, which started from ancient times, is a basic human need, and many studies on the attractiveness of appearance are on the rise, and such research on human beauty is an important public value. Recently, interest and demand for waxing are rising, but the level of professional education on waxing is low and the understanding of skin changes and follow-up care after waxing is low, so the need for research on waxing is emerging. The purpose of this study is to find out the difference in skin condition and hair growth rate after Brazilian treatment according to the type of waxing and to present it as basic data, and to contribute to the public value in beauty culture. Method: The subject of this study was a woman in her early 20s who had no experience with waxing, and waxed the bikini area between June and August 2022 using sugar wax and hard wax respectively. For 4 weeks after Brazilian waxing, the skin condition(including ingrown hair, folliculitis, etc.) and hair growth length were compared and analyzed at weekly intervals. The results were analyzed after the mixed study using clinical trials and interview methods. Results: As a result of comparative analysis of the skin condition and the length of the growing hair at weekly intervals after waxing, the condition of the skin showed that ingrown hair and inflammation occurred in the area where the sugar wax was applied, and the hair growth rate was slow. In the area treated with hard waxing, in-grown hair did not occur compared to sugar waxing, and the number of inflammations was significantly lower. The growth rate of cross-section hair was faster than that of sugar waxing, and it was confirmed that the thick-ness of the hair also grew thicker. Conclusion: Sugar waxing had excellent effects on hair removal and hair thickness reduction, such as lower skin dryness, redness, and irritation of pores compared to hard waxing, but follow-up care is expected to be very important. If follow-up care is not performed properly after Brazilian waxing, it is thought that the risk factors for ingrown hair and folliculitis may be high.
    Keyword:Sugaring, Waxing, Brazilian, Ingrown, Public Value
  • Purpose: In this study, analysis was conducted using the Q-methodology to find out the types of elderly people participating in Health Qigong after COVID-19. The Q-methodology studies human subjectivity by considering an individual's perception, attitude, emotion, and behavior toward an object at the same time. Method: In the research procedure, the Q-population was first constructed and the Q sample statement was prepared. In the Q-population, 85 data were obtained through in-depth interviews, 46 data obtained through a literature review were derived, and 131 were finally derived as the primary statement. Comprehensive data were analyzed through in-depth interviews, related literature research, and expert meetings, and a total of 34 Q-sample statements related to the research topic were extracted. Data analysis was performed using the QUNAL-PC program, and the principal component factor analysis method was used for factor analysis. Results: As a result of the study, the elderly who participated in Health Qigong were found to be the final four types. Type I was classified as an active participation type among the elderly participating in Health Qigong. Type II was classified as a type that recognized that Health Qigong training was connected with healing. Type III was classified as a type recognized that Health Qigong is related to psychological sympathy, that is, emotional state. Type IV was classified as a type that recognizes that it is possible to make new colleagues while socializing with others through Health Qigong. Conclusion: Currently, Korean society is going through an age of super-aging, and there is a view that sees old age as a time of new creation. Therefore, prepare for successful aging, it is necessary to find a positive way to improve the lives of the elderly. The classification contents of the elderly participating in Health Qigong derived as a result of this study reflect the perception and attitude of the elderly participating in physical activity well.
    Keyword:COVID-19, Elderly, Health Qigong, Type Analysis, Q-Methodology
  • Purpose: The hair losing population is increasing due to stress, environmental pollution, and various cosmetic procedures, and the market for functional cosmetics for scalp and hair care is further growing due to the lower aging population. Recently, however, many studies have been conducted where many are found to seek cosmetic raw materials from natural substances or apply fermentation techniques to cosmetic manufacturing processes. Hence, after fermenting with Sasa Borealis, which is edible and has been used for various pharmacological functions in the private sector for a long time and has secured clinical safety, the effectiveness(in vitro) has been investigated, and the fermented mixture of natural products is used as a sample for damaged hair, and the recovery effect has been examined and understood. Method: Examined in this study were the antibacterial activity, anti-inflammatory activity, and dermal papilla cell proliferation rate of Sasa Borealis leaf fermented product, which were mixed with the green coffee bean and Smilax china L. leaf fermented product, and after selecting the fermented mixed sample, the added scalp hair care product was treated with heat perm and dyeing to measure tensile strength and glossiness, where the recovery effect of damaged hair was investigated by imaging with SEM. Results: Sasa Borealis leaf ferment was superior to M. canis, anti-inflammatory activity and dermal papilla cell proliferation. The product to which the fermentation mixture sample was added increased both the tensile strength and glossiness of the hair damaged by heat perm and dyeing, and as a result of confirming such via the SEM, it was found that there is an effect of restoring the damaged hair. Conclusion: Sasa Borealis leaf fermented product has excellent M. canis, anti-inflammatory ability, and dermal papilla cell proliferation rate, and hence, it was confirmed that it may be applied as a raw material for various cosmetics. The cosmetics containing natural fermentation mixtures increased tensile strength and glossiness of damaged hair. Future research is expected to articulate the pharmacological mechanism of the fermentation mixture through the physiological studies related to the fermentation process and the growth rate of dermal papilla cells.
    Keyword:Sasa Borealis, Fermentation Mixture, Hair Loss, Tensile Strength, Glossiness
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine and understand what factors influence the consumers with their practical consumption related tendency to purchase the cosmeceutical products. Method: In this study, the practical consumption related tendency, cosmeceutical perception, and the purchase decision making factors were measured as the dependent variables. Results: As a result of the significant study conducted on the purchase related decision making factors, first, it was confirmed that the consumers’ tendency for the practical consumption only during the discounted sales period or they make purchases by comparing the type, price, and the quality of the brands they are interested in. Second, as for the interest in beauty, the UV rays are more related to the skin aging(83%) than the need to consume the beauty related food(69.2%), and the appearance-oriented consumers responded that they are willing to undergo cosmetic surgeries if they need cosmetic surgeries(8.8%). Third, the perception of cosmeceuticals demonstrated the preference for natural cosmetics(68.1%) and the scientific evidence(65.9%). Lastly, the decision to purchase cosmeceuticals demonstrated the importance in the order of all ingredients(88.7%), effectiveness(87.6%), ecofriendliness(87.2%), stability(86.8%), and mental effects on the fragrance(84%), respectively. The direct, indirect, and the total effects of cosmeceutical perception were significant as the purchase related decision making factors according to the interest in beauty, and the correlation analytical result and the confirmatory analysis of the research model were significant as a positive(+) relationship. Conclusion: As a result of such study conducted, cosmeceutical is a word which divides the quality of functional cosmetics, and the producers need to form a market which could commercialize and provide the customer needs, and according to the consumer preferences, capacity, fragrance, ingredients and efficacy, and correlation with skin, the originality and value of the study may be recognized since it has derived the implications for the development of cosmeceutical products which may be positioned through the studies.
    Keyword:Consumption Related Tendency, Purchase Related Decision Making Factors, Beauty Related Interest, Cosmeceutical, Practical Consumption
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine and understand the mediating effect of socio-cultural attitude towards appearance on the appearance interest in the relationship between acne perception and appearance satisfaction, and provide a practical assistance for the programs for the acne skin in the beauty industry and market. Method: In this study, the statistical analysis was conducted using the SPSS 25.0 and AMOS 22.0 programs of 282 online questionnaires for the subjects with acne skin. Results: As for the results of this study, the socio-cultural attitude towards appearance has had a positively significant impact on the appearance interest(β=.453, p<.001), acne perception(β=.149, p<.05), and appearance satisfaction(β=.535, p<. 001), and the direct effect of socio-cultural attitude towards appearance on the appearance satisfaction was negatively significant(β=-.362, p<.001), while having a positively significant effect on the acne perception(β=.149, p<.05). Furthermore, in the relationship between the socio-cultural attitude towards appearance and appearance satisfaction, the interest in appearance demonstrated a positive mediating effect. This is a result demonstrating that if a person's socio-cultural attitude towards appearance is large, he or she can directly cause dissatisfaction with one's appearance, yet if one's interest in the appearance is raised before then, the appearance satisfaction might also be increased as a result. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it was confirmed that the larger the socio-cultural attitude towards the appearance, the larger the appearance interest and acne perception scores, and the larger the appearance interest, the larger the appearance satisfaction. Meanwhile, the socio-cultural attitude towards appearance negatively and significantly impacts the appearance satisfaction. Hence, it is apparent that the overall appearance is important as it impacts the appearance interest, not the skin type, and when consulting with the customers with acne skin, it is necessary to present the direction of interest in the appearance and suggest that it is also important to accurately perceive one's own skin condition. Through which, it is intended that the direction of social and cultural attitude towards appearance and interest in the appearance are presented to provide the services desired by consumers to increase their satisfaction with their appearance, and furthermore, provide assistance for the practical on-site management programs and counseling skills for acne skin in the medical skin care beauty industry and market.
    Keyword:Socio-Cultural Attitude Towards Appearance, Acne Perception, Appearance Satisfaction, Appearance Interest, Medical Skin Care

Publishing Schedule

Submission 2/30 8/30
Editorial Review 3/10 9/10
Double Blind Peer Review 3/30 9/30
Review-Form Reflection Review 4/10 10/10
Accepted 4/20 10/20
Manuscript Editing Review 4/30 10/30
Scientific Proofreading 5/30 11/30
Open & Hybrid Review 6/10 12/10
Published 6/30 12/30

♦ Issues Per Year: Semi-Annual


Head of Editorial Organization / President

Jaebum Lee

Myongji University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Manager of Editorial Operator (MEO)

Sungwoo Sim

Baekseok Arts University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Editorial Review Boards / Vice President

Dongho Lim Dongbang Culture University, KOR
Eunju Jang Sunmoon University, KOR
Xin-Xin Cai Kwangju Women’s University, KOR
Woonsil Ko Sunmoon University, KOR
Shouyan Tang Lingnan Normal University, China

Editor in Chief

Eunsook Kim

Seokyeong University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Executive Editors

Jungsoon Choi

Yewon Arts University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Sanghyuk Moon

Baekseok Arts University, KOR
[Curriculum Vitae]

Associate Editor Boards

Sangbum Lee National Association of Mayors of Korea, KOR
Munkhtsetseg Luvsan Yewon Arts University, KOR
Yongai Zhang Xi’an Medical University, China
Naok Hirata Okinawa Recovery Center, Japan
Laura Stoelers University of Malaga, Spain
Minfen Liu Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, China
Sandip Kumar Mishra Jawaharlal Nehru University, India

Editorial Advisory Boards / Research Ethics Committee (REC)

Heejung We General Affairs Dankook University, KOR
Yeonsu Byeon Intelligence Korea Health Qigong Association, KOR
Chanhyung Lee Management Myounji University, KOR
Heonju Ha Planning Dongbang Culture University, KOR
Dong Liang International International Health Qigong Association, China
Full-time Professional Editing


JUN. 23 National Tax Service of Republic of Korea (493-92-00207)
DEC. 05 Inaugural General Meeting
2016 FEB. 05 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation (ISSN 2423-8368)
JUN. 30 First Journal Publication (Japan)
OCT. 11 Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Google Scholar
APR. 30 I2OR
MAY. 07 ProQuest
MAY. 15 Infobase Index
2020 NOV. 02 KCI (Korea Citation Index)
DEC. 30 International Journal of Protection, Security & Investigation Title Alteration: Protection Convergence (ISSN 2436-1151)

Abstracting & Indexing